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Table 5 Bivariate associations and logistic regression analyses of mental illness symptoms at treatment start regarding indications of mental health problems at one-year follow-up. Odds ratios and confidence intervals are presented (n = 455)

From: Adolescents with substance use problems in outpatient treatment: a one-year prospective follow-up study focusing on mental health and gender differences

  Bivariate associations Model 5 Model 6
Full Model
Mental illness symptoms OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Sleeping problems 2.11 (1.44–3.10)*** 1.28 (0.81–2.02) 1.38 (0.86–2.20)
Depression 2.61 (1.74–3.90)*** 1.66 (1.01–2.75)* 1.85 (1.10–3.12)*
Anxiety 2.50 (1.70–3.67)*** 1.46 (0.89–2.39) 1.38 (0.83–2.31)
Concentration difficulties 1.86 (1.26–2.76)** 1.38 (0.87–2.17) 1.39 (0.87–2.20)
Aggression 1.31 (0.84–2.05) 0.68 (0.40–1.15) 0.67 (0.39–1.15)
Suicidal thoughts 4.31 (2.03–9.14)*** 3.21 (1.32–7.81)* 3.59 (1.45–8.92)**
Hallucinations 3.66 (1.57–8.56)** 1.76 (0.70–4.46) 1.75 (0.68–4.52)
Eating disorders 2.32 (1.18–4.58)* 1.43 (0.68–3.02) 1.46 (0.68–3.16)
Self-harming behavior 2.38 (1.13–5.03)* 0.98 (0.41–2.31) 0.92 (0.38–2.21)
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. **p < 0.01
  3. ***padj < 0.05
  4. Note. Model 5 includes all mental illness symptoms and Model 6 mental illness symptoms as well as age, gender, and primary drug use frequency at intake