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Table 1 Summary of participants who initiated with prescription opioids (PO) and transition to heroin/fentanyl by geographical location (n = 149)

From: The effects of opioid policy changes on transitions from prescription opioids to heroin, fentanyl and injection drug use: a qualitative analysis

   Initiated with PO Of those who initiated with PO, prescribed to them Of those who initiated PO, obtained other way Of those who initiated with PO, transition to heroin/fentanyl
Total % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Connecticut 60 82% (50) 46% (23) 54% (27) 90% (45)
  Urban 20 20 95% (19) 36% (7) 63% (12) 100% (19)
  Suburban 20 20 70% (14) 50% (7) 50% (7) 86% (12)
  Rural 20 20 80% (16) 53% (9) 47% (8) 67% (14)
Kentucky 32 94% (30) 37% (11) 63% (19) 63% (19)
  Urban 12 12 83% (10) 50% (5) 50% (5) 100% (10)
  Rural 20 20 100% (20) 30% (6) 70% (14) 45% (9)
Wisconsin 56 96% (54) 56% (30) 44% (24) 87% (47)
  Urban 20 20 95% (19) 68% (13) 32% (6) 89% (17)
  Suburban 20 20 100% (20) 40% (8) 80% (12) 90% (18)
  Rural 16 16 94% (15) 60% (9) 40% (6) 80% (12)
Total 148   90% (134) 48% (64) 52% (70) 83% (111)