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Table 4 Factors associated with alcohol use disorder among PHC attendees in Moshi district council, Tanzania (2019)

From: Missed opportunity for alcohol use disorder screening and management in primary health care facilities in northern rural Tanzania: a cross-sectional survey

Factor Categories Total Reported AUD n (%) Crude PR (95% CI) Adjusted PR (95% CI)
Age in years  < 25 225 26 (11.6) 1 1
  25–39 526 135 (25.7) 2.4 (1.3–4.6) * (1.1–4.0) *
40–49 292 80 (27.4) 2.5 (1.4–4.4) * (1.1–3.9) *
50–59 229 79 (34.5) 3.2 (1.7–5.8) ** 2.6 (1.4–4.9) *
 ≥ 60 332 58 (17.5) 1.6 (0.8–3.2) 1.4 (0.6–3.1)
Education level Never went to School 84 19 (22.6) 0.9 (0.5–1.7) 0.9 (0.6–1.3)
  Incomplete primary 100 18 (18.0) 0.7 (0.5–0.9) * 0.8 (0.6–1.1)
Primary 1032 254 (4.6) 1 1
Secondary 283 63 (22.3) 0.9 (0.7–1.3) 0.9 (0.7–1.4)
University/ college 105 24 (22.9) (0.6–1.5) 0.8 (0.6–1.2)
Sex Female 933 118 (12.7) 1 1
  Male 671 260 (38.8) 2.9 (1.9–4.4) ** 2.9 (1.9–4.2) **
Marital status Married 1068 271 (25.4) 1 1
  Separated/divorced 78 23 (29.5) 1.2 (0.9–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.5) *
Widowed 130 20 (15.4) 0.6 (0.4- 0.9) * 0.8 (0.6–1.2)
Cohabiting 54 9 (16.7) 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 0.9 (0.5–1.5)
Single 274 55 (20.1) 0.8 (0.6–1.0) 0.9 (0.8–1.2)
Employment Unemployed 488 94 (19.3) 1 1
  Self-employed 933 220 (23.6) 1.2 (0.7–1.9) 0.9 (0.8–1.2)
Employed 183 64 (35.0) 1.7 (1.1–2.8) * 1.3 (0.9–1.6)
  1. AUD Alcohol use disorder (AUDIT ≥ 8), PR prevalence ratio, (%) Row percentage
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.001