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Table 3 Factors associated with heavy episodic drinking among PHC attendees in Moshi district council, Tanzania (2019)

From: Missed opportunity for alcohol use disorder screening and management in primary health care facilities in northern rural Tanzania: a cross-sectional survey

Factor Categories Total Reported HED n (%) Crude PR (95% CI) Adjusted PR (95% CI)
Age in years  < 25 47 25(54.6) 1 1
  25–39 208 143(68.8) 1.29(1.0–1.6) * 1.42(1.2–1.7) **
40–49 124 78 (63.2) 1.17(0.9–1.5) 1.58(1.3–1.9) **
50–59 102 63 (61.8) 1.16(0.9–1.5) 1.70(1.4–2.1) **
 ≥ 60 118 62 (52.4) 0.97(0.8–1.2) 1.54(1.3–1.9) **
Education level Never went to School 30 18 (61.2) 1.03(0.8–1.3) 1.07(0.9–1.3)
  Incomplete primary 37 21 (56.0) 0.92(0.7–1.2) 0.99(0.8–1.2)
Primary 391 236 (60.3) 1 1
Secondary 96 62 (64.8) 1.09(1.0–1.2) 1.08(0.9–1.2)
University/ college 45 32 (71.4) 1.17(1.0–1.4) 1.14(0.9–1.4)
Sex Female    1 1
  Male 361 257(71.2) 1.38(1.2–1.5) ** 1.43(1.3–1.5) **
Marital status Married 424 264(62.2) 1 1
  Separated/divorced 33 23(68.7) 1.11(0.9–1.4) 1.00(0.8–1.2)
Widowed 36 15 (41.8) 0.68(0.5–0.9) 1.01(0.9–1.2)
Cohabiting 20 14 (71.4) 1.14(0.9–1.5) 0.98(0.8–1.2)
Single 86 56 (65.6) 1.06(0.9–1.2) 0.90(0.8–1.0)
Employment Unemployed 143 69(48.3)   1
  Self-employed 89 60(67.9) 1.39(1.2–1.7) ** 1.12(1.0–1.3)
Employed 367 246 (67.0) 1.38(1.2–1.6) ** 0.89(0.8–1.0) *
  1. PR prevalence ratio, (%) Row percentage, and HED heavy episodic drinking
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.001