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Table 2 Factors associated with alcohol use among PHC attendees in Moshi district council, Tanzania (2019)

From: Missed opportunity for alcohol use disorder screening and management in primary health care facilities in northern rural Tanzania: a cross-sectional survey

Factor Categories Total Reported AU n (%) Crude PR (95% CI) Adjusted PR (95% CI)
Age in years  < 25 86 33 (38.2) 1 1
  25–39 302 173 (57.4) 1.52(1.3–1.8) ** 1.43(1.2–1.7) **
40–49 196 131(67.1) 1.76(1.5–2.1) ** 1.58(1.3–1.9) **
50–59 165 119 (72.0) 1.91(1.6–2.3) ** 1.70(1.4–2.1) **
 ≥ 60 225 152 (67.7) 1.78(1.5–2.1) ** 1.54(1.3–1.9) **
Education level Never went to School 49 28(58.3) 0.91(0.7–1.1) 0.87(0.7–1.0)
  Incomplete primary 66 43(66.0) 1.03(0.9–1.2) 0.99(0.9–1.2)
Primary 648 406(62.7) 0.96(0.8–1.1)  
Secondary 148 77(52.3) 0.83(0.7–0.9) * 0.89(0.8–1.0)
University/ college 63 38 (60.0) 0.96(0.8–1.1) 0.96(0.8–1.1)
Sex Female 507 383(75.5) 1 1
Male 467 233 (50.0) 1.48(1.4–1.6) ** 1.42(1.3–1.5) **
Marital status Married 681 434 (63.7) 1 1
  Separated/divorced 48 30 (61.5) 0.96(0.8–1.2) 1.00(0.8–1.2)
Widowed 86 57 (66.1) 1.02(0.9–1.2) 1.01(0.9–1.2)
Cohabiting 28 14(51.8) 0.81(0.6–1.1) 0.98(0.8–1.2)
Single 131 63 (47.8) 0.76(0.7–0.9) ** 0.90(0.8–1.0)
Employment Unemployed 296 189 (60.7)   1
  Self-employed 131 94 (71.5) 1.15(1.0–1.3) * 1.12(1.0–1.3)
Employed 547 320 (58.6) 0.95(0.9–1.0) 0.89(0.8–1.0) *
  1. AU = Alcohol use, PR prevalence ratio, (%) Row percentage
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.001