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Table 2 Predictors of substance abuse treatment capacity and payments

From: Certificate-of-need laws and substance use treatment

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
lnFacilities Per100k lnBeds Per100k lnClients Per1k Accept Private Accept Medicare Accept Medicaid
CON 0.0204 0.0886* 0.0488 −0.0603*** −0.00862 − 0.0304*
(0.0301) (0.0535) (0.0483) (0.0115) (0.0124) (0.0174)
PDMP 0.0254 0.152*** 0.129*** 0.00859 −0.0312*** 0.00651
(0.0184) (0.0394) (0.0328) (0.00703) (0.00754) (0.0106)
Insurance 0.0417** −0.0194 0.0354 0.0145** 0.0217*** 0.000663
Mandate (0.0171) (0.0340) (0.0287) (0.00653) (0.00700) (0.00987)
Pop (mil) −0.0515*** −0.0468*** − 0.0903*** 0.0116*** − 0.00910** − 0.00215
(0.00945) (0.0180) (0.0157) (0.00361) (0.00388) (0.00546)
Median Age 0.00436 0.00638 0.0733*** 0.0313*** 0.00537 −0.0191***
(0.00900) (0.0172) (0.0150) (0.00344) (0.00373) (0.00518)
Income 0.00282 −0.00375 0.0663*** 0.0308*** 0.00733** −0.0195***
(0.00904) (0.0172) (0.0150) (0.00346) (0.00371) (0.00523)
% White −0.00911*** −0.00339 − 0.000314 0.00155 0.00101 −0.00471***
(0.00253) (0.00469) (0.00419) (0.000970) (0.00104) (0.00147)
% Black 0.00286 −0.00472 −0.000229 0.00192 0.00274** −0.00452**
(0.00325) (0.00600) (0.00520) (0.00124) (0.00133) (0.00188)
% Hispanic 0.0353*** 0.0321*** 0.0456*** 0.00317 0.00164 −0.0122***
(0.00561) (0.0103) (0.00920) (0.00215) (0.00230) (0.00324)
% Asian 0.00503 −0.00791 −0.00715 0.00283** 0.00326** 0.00617***
(0.00327) (0.00598) (0.00530) (0.00125) (0.00134) (0.00189)
% Male −0.0132*** −0.00303 − 0.00572 0.00383*** 0.000747 −0.000545
(0.00382) (0.00669) (0.00603) (0.00146) (0.00157) (0.00221)
%BelowPov −0.0183** 0.000955 − 0.0100 − 0.00241 0.00454 0.000614
(0.00905) (0.0163) (0.0145) (0.00346) (0.00371) (0.00523)
% College −0.00856** − 0.0120* − 0.0227*** − 0.000005 − 0.000953 0.00261
(0.00334) (0.00610) (0.00538) (0.00128) (0.00137) (0.00193)
% Medicaid 0.000843 0.00905 0.00261 −0.000362 − 0.000256 − 0.000578
(0.00379) (0.00703) (0.00625) (0.00145) (0.00156) (0.00219)
% Medicare −0.00409* 0.00141 −0.00317 0.00364*** 0.00328*** 0.00635***
(0.00236) (0.00455) (0.00396) (0.000901) (0.000967) (0.00136)
% Private 0.00313 0.000711 0.0200*** −0.000159 − 0.000515 0.00176
(0.00446) (0.00824) (0.00724) (0.00171) (0.00183) (0.00258)
Year FE Y Y Y Y Y Y
State FE Y Y Y Y Y Y
Observations 918 763 813 918 918 918
R2 0.246 0.146 0.328 0.389 0.133 0.484
  1. Standard errors in parentheses. Mean income is measured in thousands, population in millions
  2. FE stands for Fixed Effects, Y stands for Yes
  3. ***p < 0.01
  4. **p < 0.05
  5. *p < 0.1