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Table 1 STOP session topics for the 12-week group treatment

From: Developing a novel treatment for patients with chronic pain and Opioid User Disorder

Session Topic
1 Gate control theory of pain, Rationale for pain coping, Addiction/Pain self-efficacy, Role of self-regulation (SR)
2 Self-efficacy beliefs re: controlling pain and drug cravings, Cognitive thought stopping; Practice SR w/biodots
3 Awareness how mood affects pain and cravings, Developing coping thoughts; Practice SR w/biodots
4 Increased somatic awareness related to cravings and pain; Practice SR w/biodots
5 Activity-rest cycling to reduce pain flares; establish personalized cycles; Practice SR w/biodots
6 Problem solving and relapse prevention; Practice SR w/biodots
7 Review/Introduce Skills; Identify progress in treatment of addiction and pain, Pleasant activity; Practice SR w/biodots
8 Establish short- and long-term goals for future behavior change; Practice SR w/biodots
9 Introduction to sleep hygiene and link between sleep and pain; Practice SR w/biodots
10 Explore negative mood, especially anger, as related to pain and drug craving; Practice SR w/biodots
11 Review/Introduce relapse prevention; identify personal/community support resources; Practice SR w/biodots
12 Maintenance plan for positive changes; Practice SR w/biodots