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Table 2 Risk Characteristics Associated with Daily Cannabis Use in Canada

From: Daily cannabis use during the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in Canada: a repeated cross-sectional study from May 2020 to December 2020

  Daily Cannabis Use Unadjusted Odds Ratioa Adjusted Odds Ratioa,b
  N % P-Value Estimate 95% CI Estimate 95% CI
Gender
 Male 188 6.32 0.0115 1.38 1.10 – 1.73 1.46 1.15—1.85
 Female 146 4.82   Reference Reference
Age
 18—29 years 55 7.47  < 0.0001 2.07 1.48 – 2.89 2.36 1.56—3.57
 30—39 years 124 7.72   2.14 1.64 – 2.80 2.65 1.93—3.64
 40—49 years 49 5.80   1.58 1.11 – 2.23 1.74 1.19—2.54
  ≥ 50 years 106 3.76   Reference Reference
Region
 Western 51 5.62 0.1080     
 Prairies 92 6.30      
 Central 119 4.75      
 Atlantic 72 6.37      
Urbanicity
 Urban area 145 5.17 0.4387     
 Suburban area 130 5.82      
 Rural area 59 6.10      
Marital Status
 Married or living with a partner 192 5.11 0.0456 0.73 0.57 – 0.94 0.96 0.71—1.29
 Widowed, divorced or separated 40 5.48   0.79 0.54 – 1.15 1.14 0.74—1.77
 Never married 99 6.88   Reference Reference
Size of household
 1 person 66 5.37 0.6592     
 2 people 134 5.34      
 3 people 67 6.36      
 ≥ 4 people 67 5.61      
Ethnicity
 White 251 6.02 0.0199 1.37 1.05 – 1.78 1.97 1.47 – 2.64
 Non-white 75 4.47   Reference Reference
Education
 Less than college or university completion 131 8.13  < 0.0001 1.81 1.44 – 2.28 1.78 1.39—2.28
 At least college or university completion 202 4.65   Reference Reference
Heavy Episodic Drinking
 Yes 151 9.84  < 0.0001 2.42 1.93 – 3.04 2.05 1.62—2.61
 No 183 4.11   Reference Reference
Employment-Related Health Risk
 Yes 60 8.04 0.0016 1.59 1.19 – 2.13 1.38 1.01 – 1.88
 No 274 5.21   Reference Reference
Feelings of Loneliness
 5—7 Days 59 11.59  < 0.0001 2.77 2.01 – 3.82 1.86 1.26—2.73
 3—4 Days 61 7.31   1.67 1.22 – 2.27 1.28 0.91—1.79
 1—2 Days 74 4.73   1.05 0.79 – 1.40 0.91 0.67—1.23
 < 1 Day 140 4.52   Reference Reference
Impact of Pandemic on Financial Situation
 Very worried 88 7.46 0.0020 2.28 1.40 – 3.71 2.08 1.21—3.58
 Somewhat worried 146 5.60   1.68 1.05 – 2.67 1.83 1.11 – 3.01
 Not very worried 79 4.93   1.47 0.90 – 2.34 1.68 1.00—2.82
 Not at all worried 21 3.41   Reference Reference
Impact of Pandemic on Employment Situation
 Currently working from home 71 4.77 0.0233 0.92 0.69 – 1.23 0.81 0.59—1.12
 Currently not working or loss of employment 49 7.35   1.46 1.05 – 2.03 1.01 0.70—1.46
 Previously working from home 13 5.06   0.98 0.55 – 1.75 0.77 0.42—1.40
 Previously not working or loss of employment 19 7.79   1.55 0.95 – 2.55 0.81 0.46—1.43
 Other 26 8.05   1.61 1.05 – 2.48 1.52 0.96—2.42
 No Impact 156 5.16   Reference Reference
  1. Note: Bolded interface denotes p < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: CI Confidence Interval
  3. aThe outcome reference category in all logistic regression models is no daily cannabis use
  4. bThe odds ratios are adjusted for gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, education, heavy episodic drinking, employment-related health risk, feelings of loneliness, impact of the pandemic on employment situation and impact of pandemic on financial situation