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Table 4 Education regarding adverse childhood events

From: HealthCare educational differences in pain management, adverse childhood experiences and their relationship to substance use disorder education

Are students trained/educated/taught… Medicine
N (%)
APRN
N (%)
Physician Assistant
N (%)
Pharmacy
N (%)
Dentistry
N (%)
Optometry
N (%)
To assess for childhood neglect in patients treated for pain? 3 (42.9%) 4 (66.7%) 2 (25%) 1 (14.3%) -- --
To assess for childhood physical/psychological abuse in patients treated for pain? 3 (42.9%) 4 (66.7%) 5 (62.5%) 1 (14.3%) -- --
To assess for sexual abuse as a minor in patients treated for pain? 3 (42.9%) 4 (66.7%) 3 (37.5%) 1 (14.3%) -- --
To assess for childhood exposure to domestic violence in patients treated for pain? 2 (28.6%) 4 (66.7%) 3 (37.5%) 1 (14.3%) -- --
To assess for parental psychopathology in patients treated for pain? 2 (28.6%) 3 (50%) 3 (37.5%) 1 (14.3%) -- --
To assess for other traumatic childhood events in patients treated for pain? 2 (28.6%) 4 (66.7%) 4 (50%) 1 (14.3%) -- --
Include steps to adapt a pain management plan based on adverse childhood events? 2 (28.6%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (14.3%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)