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Table 2 Prevalence of substance use among YLWH versus HIV-uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast

From: Alcohol and illicit drug use among young people living with HIV compared to their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast: prevalence and risk indicators

  Whole sample, n = 812 HIV uninfected youths, n = 406 HIV- positive youths, n = 406 P-value a
Freq. Prevalence (95% CI) Freq. Prevalence (95% CI) Freq. Prevalence (95% CI)
Point prevalence
 Any current alcohol use 150 18.5 (15.9, 21.3) 97 23.9 (20.0, 28.3) 53 13.1 (10.1, 16.7) < 0.001
 Any current illicit drug use 90 11.1 (9.1, 13.4) 60 14.8 (11.6, 18.6) 30 7.4 (5.2, 10.4) < 0.001
 Current alcohol & illicit drug comorbidity 58 7.1 (5.6, 9.1) 44 10.8 (8.2, 14.3) 14 3.5 (2.1, 5.7) < 0.001
Past-year prevalence
 Hazardous alcohol use 51 6.3 (4.8, 8.2) 29 7.1 (5.0, 10.1) 22 5.4 (3.6, 8.1) 0.31
 Hazardous illicit drug use 58 7.1 (5.6, 9.1) 34 8.4 (6.0, 11.5) 24 5.9 (4.0, 8.7) 0.17
 Hazardous alcohol and illicit drug use comorbidity 23 2.8 (1.9, 4.2) 13 3.2 (1.9, 5.4) 10 2.5 (1.3, 4.5) 0.53
 Probable alcohol dependence 18 2.2 (1.4, 3.5) 10 2.5 (1.3, 4.5) 8 2.0 (1.0, 3.9) 0.63
 Probable illicit drug dependence 4 0.5 (0.2, 1.3) 2 0.5 (0.01, 2.0) 2 0.5 (0.01, 2.0) 1.0
  1. 95% CI 95% confidence interval; Freq Frequency
  2. abased on prtest, a two-sample test of differences in proportion using defined binary groups