Skip to main content

Table 5 1-month pre-operative to 90-days post-operative initial and cumulative prescription opioid filling volume by state in oxycodone 5-mg equivalents. States with no opioid legislation were included for comparison. The mean date of legislation (9/10/2017) was used for states without opioid legislation. Mean (standard deviation, sample size) displayed. Sample sizes for initial opioid filling volume only include patients with at least one filled opioid prescription during the timeframe

From: Opioid legislation and narcotic filling in total hip arthroplasty: descriptive study of time and state-level trends in the United States

State Pre-act initial Post-act initial Initial difference Pre-act cumulative Post-act cumulative Cumulative difference
Duration
 KY 62.9 (41.1; n = 4726) 62.3 (39.5; n = 751) 0.7 151 (108.5; n = 6942) 139.8 (104.8; n = 1094) 11.2
 MN 49 (31.6; n = 5400) 43.9 (28; n = 901) 5.1 121.3 (96.7; n = 10,543) 94.5 (80.9; n = 1607) 26.7
 AZ 59.4 (37.7; n = 7225) 49.3 (31.6; n = 251) 10.1 144.6 (106.5; n = 10,019) 102.4 (83.8; n = 355) 42.1
 NJ 55.1 (36; n = 11,955) 45.4 (27.5; n = 2470) 9.7 124.5 (95.7; n = 18,023) 89.9 (75.1; n = 3541) 34.6
 AK 68.8 (42; n = 564) 61.7 (42.9; n = 55) 7.1 162.1 (108.1; n = 804) 154.6 (113.3; n = 79) 7.4
 CT 53.8 (35.1; n = 5103) 45.6 (26.5; n = 1817) 8.2 121.1 (93.7; n = 8447) 97.5 (81.1; n = 2756) 23.6
 DE 61.2 (38.3; n = 2143) 61.5 (32.3; n = 379) −0.3 141.6 (100.6; n = 2821) 104 (80.4; n = 499) 37.6
 HI 60.8 (39.9; n = 565) 40.2 (35.4; n = 72) 20.6 115.8 (89.2; n = 990) 91.8 (96.9; n = 111) 24
 IN 61.8 (41.3; n = 8802) 54.4 (33.8; n = 918) 7.4 155.4 (109; n = 11,731) 135.2 (98.8; n = 1229) 20.2
 LA 62.4 (41.2; n = 2912) 59.1 (37.1; n = 366) 3.3 163.7 (111.7; n = 3924) 146.8 (108.9; n = 468) 16.9
 MA 61.5 (37.5; n = 4644) 48.9 (31.1; n = 1846) 12.6 136.1 (98.9; n = 6875) 104.5 (86.8; n = 2586) 31.6
 MI 60.6 (38.5; n = 16,155) 50 (31; n = 1035) 10.5 148.2 (107.3; n = 23,048) 117.4 (91.6; n = 1385) 30.8
 NC 66.4 (43; n = 7591) 50.5 (29.9; n = 277) 15.9 152.7 (104.8; n = 11,605) 111.1 (87.7; n = 418) 41.6
 NH 55.3 (33.8; n = 1072) 47.6 (27; n = 274) 7.8 134.7 (96.7; n = 1450) 93.1 (75.7; n = 369) 41.6
 NY 65 (43.5; n = 16,052) 52.8 (34.3; n = 5847) 12.2 129.9 (98; n = 25,301) 101.5 (83.6; n = 8430) 28.4
 PA 53.5 (36.2; n = 14,895) 50.3 (31.8; n = 4099) 3.2 132.4 (100.5; n = 22,882) 110.2 (87.8; n = 5739) 22.2
 UT 65 (42; n = 1415) 59.4 (32.7; n = 145) 5.6 151.2 (106.6; n = 2263) 136.4 (97.5; n = 213) 14.8
 VA 57.7 (38.3; n = 5826) 52 (32.2; n = 1224) 5.7 143.8 (103; n = 8585) 116.2 (91.4; n = 1832) 27.5
 WV 59.6 (38.1; n = 2636) 53.8 (33.1; n = 28) 5.8 138.9 (104.2; n = 3794) 118.5 (89.9; n = 55) 20.5
Volume
 VT 51.5 (27.3; n = 237) 41.8 (22; n = 21) 9.7 125.4 (86.9; n = 405) 110 (113.2; n = 38) 15.4
 WA 59.2 (38; n = 6526) 55.2 (34.5; n = 678) 4 140.2 (102.7; n = 10,374) 113 (91.3; n = 1002) 27.1
Duration and volume
 OH 57.7 (37; n = 24,998) 46.6 (29.3; n = 2646) 11.1 141.4 (102.5; n = 36,003) 105.8 (88.9; n = 3763) 35.6
 RI 56.7 (34.1; n = 970) 39.6 (29.6; n = 421) 17.1 135.6 (98.5; n = 1407) 116.2 (105.3; n = 574) 19.5
 NV 66.9 (46.2; n = 2756) 60.7 (37.7; n = 367) 6.2 160.5 (110; n = 3752) 128 (96; n = 483) 32.5
 ME 50.1 (31.4; n = 1874) 42.6 (26.7; n = 1204) 7.4 108.6 (92; n = 3135) 84.7 (80; n = 1710) 23.9
No specific duration or amount
 MD 58.8 (38.1; n = 7721) 51.7 (31.8; n = 1167) 7.1 133.9 (99.5; n = 11,978) 109.9 (89.7; n = 1768) 24
No legislation
 AL 54.4 (38; n = 2898) 55.4 (33.5; n = 315) −1 146.5 (110.6; n = 4109) 130.3 (100.1; n = 415) 16.2
 AR 53.1 (37.3; n = 1688) 51.8 (36.6; n = 173) 1.3 138.3 (107.9; n = 2546) 117.6 (99.9; n = 231) 20.7
 CA 65.9 (43; n = 12,892) 64.5 (39.9; n = 1013) 1.4 148.6 (106.7; n = 21,706) 135.4 (101.2; n = 1661) 13.1
 DC 49.7 (28; n = 473) 52.4 (56; n = 49) −2.8 120.3 (92.6; n = 733) 108.9 (101.1; n = 74) 11.4
 GA 58.1 (36.7; n = 10,808) 56.4 (38.2; n = 699) 1.7 145.9 (103.1; n = 14,847) 126.8 (94.9; n = 974) 19.1
 ID 55.9 (36.3; n = 774) 56.2 (41.5; n = 83) − 0.4 140 (101.4; n = 1299) 126.6 (96.7; n = 119) 13.4
 IL 54.7 (37.4; n = 11,995) 57.1 (39.8; n = 969) −2.4 143.3 (103.6; n = 17,967) 129.6 (96; n = 1377) 13.7
 KS 59.1 (37.7; n = 2143) 59.4 (36.8; n = 184) −0.3 145.8 (103.2; n = 3183) 128.3 (100.9; n = 255) 17.5
 MO 62.2 (42.4; n = 4561) 61.1 (35.5; n = 405) 1.1 150.1 (104.8; n = 6727) 136.7 (96.1; n = 554) 13.4
 MS 56.3 (38.1; n = 1373) 54.1 (39; n = 105) 2.2 147.2 (105.5; n = 2062) 147 (118.2; n = 164) 0.2
 MT 56 (33.8; n = 823) 54 (30; n = 74) 2 123.1 (96.4; n = 1378) 98.8 (61.5; n = 120) 24.3
 ND 48.6 (29.4; n = 853) 47.8 (31; n = 98) 0.8 108.6 (85.8; n = 1396) 104.5 (78.5; n = 124) 4.1
 NM 60.6 (38.4; n = 1014) 60 (41; n = 110) 0.6 139.8 (102.8; n = 1518) 126.8 (95.6; n = 141) 13
 SD 48.4 (30.8; n = 1070) 49.1 (32.8; n = 168) − 0.7 118.8 (88.3; n = 1797) 101.2 (76.8; n = 230) 17.6
 WI 53.4 (34.5; n = 6770) 46.1 (24.5; n = 531) 7.3 130.2 (97.1; n = 11,673) 103.5 (83.5; n = 793) 26.8
 WY 52.3 (41.8; n = 479) 43 (23.3; n = 48) 9.3 125.1 (98.4; n = 733) 107.1 (82.9; n = 65) 17.9