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Table 5 Summary of Evidence Related to Duration of Abstinence

From: Assessing the evidence on the differential impact of menthol versus non-menthol cigarette use on smoking cessation in the U.S. population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Sampling / Recruitment Strategya, Data Collection Period Study Findings Study Quality
Decreased Duration of Abstinence with Menthol Cigarette Use
 Levy et al., 2011 [46] TUS-CPS, 2003,2006/2007 Menthol cigarette use was associated with significantly lower odds of being a “recent” quitter (those who quit in the past year and had been abstinent for at least 3 months; AOR = 0.97, 95% CI: 0.96 to 0.97; p < 0.001) and a “long-term” quitter (those who quit in the past 5 years and had been abstinent for at least 3 months; AOR = 0.94; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.94; p < 0.001), compared with use of non-menthol cigarettes.
Further controlling for nicotine dependence resulted in nearly identical odds ratios for being a “recent” quitter (AOR = 0.97, 95% CI: 0.96 to 0.97; p < 0.001) and a “long-term” quitter (AOR = 0.95; 95% CI: 0.95 to 0.95; p < 0.001). A third adjusted model detected similar odds ratios for “recent” quitters (AOR = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.91 to 0.92; p < 0.001) and “long-term” quitters (AOR = 0.95; 95% CI: 0.95 to 0.95; p < 0.001).
Good
Results of Mixed Significance for Duration of Abstinence
 Cubbin et al., 2010 [29] NHIS-CCS; 2005 Increase in Duration of Abstinence with Menthol Cigarette Use
Among the six gender-race/ethnicity interactions, White female former menthol smokers reported significantly longer abstinence than White female former non-menthol smokers (14.8 years vs. 12.5 years, respectively; p < 0.01).
No Difference
For the other interactions (White males, Black females, Black males, Hispanic females, and Hispanic males), no difference was found.
Good
  1. a Details of sampling and recruitment strategies for the data sources can be found in Table 3: Study, Data Set, and Sample Characteristics