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Table 1 HIV testing among different subgroups of female sex workers in Iran’s first rapid assessment and response survey in 2017

From: HIV testing and its associated factors among street-based female sex workers in Iran: results of a national rapid assessment and response survey

Characteristics HIV testing P-value
Yes (n = 495) No (n = 361)
N (%) N (%)
Age
 18–29 137 (39.71) 139 (28.84) 0.001
 30–45 193 (55.94) 299 (62.03)
 > 46 15 (4.35) 44 (9.13)
Education
 Illiterate 24 (6.86) 33 (6.65) 0.091
 Reading writing levels 12 (3.43) 38 (7.66)
 Primary education 62 (17.71) 102 (20.56)
 Secondary education 101 (28.86) 128 (25.81)
 High school 65 (18.57) 87 (17.54)
 Diploma 56 (16.00) 81 (16.33)
 College 30 (8.57) 27 (5.44)
Marital status
 Single 4 (1.60) 10 (2.42) 0.006
 Married 51 (20.40) 95 (23.00)
 Divorced 140 (56.00) 207 (50.12)
 Temporary marriage 18 (7.20) 63 (15.25)
 Widow 37 (14.80) 38 (9.20)
Living status
 With family or spouse 208 (64.40) 271 (58.53) 0.036
 Social welfare center 8 (2.48) 25 (5.40)
 Alone 48 (14.86) 57 (12.31)
 Homeless or shelter 59 (18.27) 110 (23.76)
Income per month
 Under 100,000 T 20 (6.51) 80 (17.90) < 0.001
 100,000–500,000 T 92 (29.97) 153 (34.23)
 500,000-1,000,000 106 (34.53) 139 (31.10)
 1,000,000-5,000,000 89 (28.99) 75 (16.78)
Ever drug use
 Yes 162 (48.50) 368 (81.06) < 0.001
 No 172 (51.50) 86 (18.94)
Current drug use
 Yes 142 (85.54) 279 (75.41) 0.008
 No 24 (14.46) 91 (24.59)
Ever injection
 Yes 20 (11.76) 56 (15.34) 0.270
 No 150 (88.24) 309 (84.66)
Last-month injection
 Yes 14 (70.00) 19 (37.25) 0.013
 No 6 (30.00) 32 (62.75)
HIV knowledge
 Low 70 (19.39) 73 (14.66) < 0.001
 Moderate 168 (46.54) 122 (24.50)
 High 123 (34.07) 303 (60.84)
Self-perceived risk of HIV
 No risk 72 (33.96) 89 (25.07) 0.023
 At risk 140 (66.04) 266 (74.93)
Ever worked in brothel
 No 130 (37.04) 177 (37.11) 0.984
 Yes 221 (62.96) 300 (62.89)
Lifetime abortion
 No 228 (64.96) 262 (54.58) 0.003
 Yes 123 (35.04) 218 (45.42)