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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants

From: The “black box” of treatment: Patients’ perspective on what works in opioid maintenance treatment for opioid dependence

Characteristics Description
Sex
 Male n = 16 (84.0 %)
Age
 Md; IQR; Rank 40; 5.75; [28 – 53]
Currently employed
 Yes n = 3 (16.0 %)
 Age of first use of NPPS Between 12 and 15
Length of current treatment
 Less than 12 months n = 4 (21.1 %)
 12–24 months n = 6 (31.6 %)
 More than 24 months n = 9 (47.4 %)
Type of medication
 Methadone n = 6 (31.6 %)
 Buprenorphine n = 13 (68.4 %)
Types of previous treatmentsa
 Abstinence-oriented 12-Step; Narcotics Anonymous; religious support groups; psychotherapy; detoxification + psychotherapy
 OMT Methadone maintenance; buprenorphine maintenance
 Frequency of clinic visitsb Every second day; every third day; weekly; biweekly
  1. aAll participants reported having been in at least one type of treatment before the current OMT program; 3 participants reported previous OMT experiences; 17 participants reported having tried abstinence without any support.
  2. b Participants were given medication to take home for one week or every 2 weeks, but they also visited the clinic for analytical checks, counselling, psychotherapy, and relapse prevention sessions, or just for social relations.