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Table 1 Sample characteristics and distribution of cannabis use among persons 15 years and older in South Africa, 2017

From: Prevalence and correlates of non-daily and daily cannabis use among persons 15 years and older in South Africa: results of a national survey in 2017

Variable Sample Past 3-month cannabis use
  Never (N = 36,503) Non-daily (N = 1747) Almost daily (N = 957)
N (%) % % %
All 39,207 92.2 5.0 2.8
Sex
 Female 23,102 (51.7) 96.5 3.1 0.4
 Male 16,105 (48.3) 87.7 7.1 5.3
Age in years
 15–29 15,524 (38.1) 90.5 6.3 3.3
 30–44 10,604 (32.4) 91.6 5.2 3.3
 45 or more 13,079 (29.5) 95.2 3.2 1.6
Education
 Grade 0–7 16,887 (37.3) 93.6 4.6 1.8
 Grade 8–11 9876 (26.6) 89.9 5.5 4.6
 Grade 12 or more 12,367 (36.1) 92.6 5.0 2.5
Marital status
 Married 10,514 (28.9) 95.6 3.1 1.3
 Separated/divorced/widowed 3739 (8.6) 96.0 2.7 1.3
 Never married 24,946 (62.5) 90.1 6.2 3.7
Population group
 African Black 30,670 (79.3) 92.3 4.9 2.8
 White 1924 (9.0) 93.7 4.8 1.4
 Coloured 4304 (8.8) 89.7 6.0 4.2
 Indian or Asian 2309 (2.9) 93.9 4.9 1.2
Employement status
 Employed/self-employed 11,937 (35.6) 91.9 4.7 3.4
 Unemployed 20,649 (49.6) 92.1 5.1 2.8
 Not in labour force 6571 (14.8) 93.4 5.4 1.2
Residence
 Rural informal (tribal areas) 13,584 (26.0) 93.4 4.8 1.8
 Rural (farms) 4266 (5.0) 92.3 5.2 2.5
 Urban 21,357 (69.0) 91.8 5.1 5.1
Alcohol use disorder
 No 36,067 (89.7) 93.8 4.2 2.0
 Yes 3087 (10.3) 78.3 11.9 9.8
Other drugs
 No 37,991 (97.2) 94.1 3.5 2.4
 Yes 1084 (2.8) 32.4 55.9 11.7
Psychological distress
 No 31,304 (79.5) 92.4 4.9 2.7
 Yes 7751 (20.5) 91.4 5.4 3.2
Physical multimorbidity
 0 29,394 (77.2) 91.3 5.5 3.2
 1 7056 (17.9) 94.6 3.8 1.6
 2 or more 2279 (4.9) 97.7 2.0 0.4
Health care utilization
 No 20,823 (52.7) 90.8 5.7 3.6
 Yes 18,232 (47.3) 93.8 4.3 1.9