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Table 3 Mean Cost in Past 30 Days at Study Base line

From: Harmonizing healthcare and other resource measures for evaluating economic costs in substance use disorder research

Measures from Surveys MCF from Literature MCF Source Unit Cost Mean Cost Per Participant
PACTo RETAIN BRIGHT 2
Healthcare sector perspective
 Emergency department visits (hospital-based) Emergency department visits Medical Expenditure Panel Survey [24] $989 $68 $98 $105
 Inpatient
  Hospitalization days Inpatient hospital stay (per night) Medical Expenditure Panel Survey [24] $4255 $1664 $3156 $1332
  Residential drug or alcohol treatment / detox hospital stay days Residential drug treatment facility (per day) ADSS cost study (SAMHSA 1997) [25] $126 $87 $65 $43
 Outpatient
  Hospital clinic / outpatient department visits Outpatient visit (community clinic or private doctor) Medical Expenditure Panel Survey [24] $1128 $45 $10 $18
  Community clinic / neighborhood health center visits Outpatient visit (community clinic or private doctor) Medical Expenditure Panel Survey [24] $1128 $51 $11 $19
  Physician visits Outpatient visit (community clinic or private doctor) Medical Expenditure Panel Survey [24] $1128 $4.40 $2.36 $2.31
  Mental healthcare provider visits (psychological/emotional issues) Psychologist visit Physician Fee Schedule (Code 90834) [26,27,28] $85 $2.51 $1.46 $2.45
  Mental healthcare provider visits (medication management) Psychologist visit Physician Fee Schedule (Code 99212) [26,27,28] $44 $0.92 $0.49 $0.87
  Alcohol / drug treatment provider visits Individual visit with substance use provider ADSS cost study (SAMHSA 1997) [25] $153 $9.52 $1.11 $5.98
  Alcohol / drug treatment provider visits (medication management) Individual visit with substance use provider ADSS cost study (SAMHSA 1997) [25] $44 $1.35 $1.47 $1.61
TOTAL $1934 $3347 $1530
Societal perspective
 Days experiencing alcohol problems Day experiencing psychological or psychiatric problems McCollister, Yang [17] $19 $15 $30  
 Days experiencing drug problems Day experiencing psychological or psychiatric problems McCollister, Yang [17] $19 $160 $86  
 Purchase of alcohol N/A Self-report N/A $22 $68  
 Purchase of drugs N/A Self-report N/A $657 $200  
  1. Note: a blank cell confers the measure was not asked in that study. Costs are in 2017 U.S. dollars