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Table 2 Mean Self-reported Healthcare Resource Utilization in Past 30 Days at Study Baseline

From: Harmonizing healthcare and other resource measures for evaluating economic costs in substance use disorder research

Measure PACTo RETAIN BRIGHT 2
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Healthcare sector perspective
# of emergency department visits (hospital-based) 0.069 0.174 0.099 0.195 0.107 0.160
 Inpatient
  Hospitalizations
   # of hospitalizations 0.044 0.155 0.129 0.745 0.055 0.095
   # of days per hospitalization 8.837 8.740 8.110 7.968 5.712 6.119
   # of hospitalization days 0.391 1.669 0.742 3.437 0.313 0.671
  Residential drug or alcohol treatment facility / detox hospital
   # of residential drug or alcohol treatment facility / detox hospital stays 0.077 0.340 0.039 0.300 0.013 0.033
   # of days per residential drug or alcohol treatment facility / detox hospital stay 10.206 8.828 18.714 11.293 25.688 8.585
   # of residential drug or alcohol treatment facility / detox hospital stay days 0.692 3.057 0.516 3.021 0.341 0.830
 Outpatient
  Hospital clinic / outpatient department
   # of hospitalization clinic / outpatient departments visited 0.073 0.128 0.029 0.126 0.031 0.048
   # of visits per hospital clinic / outpatient department 0.532 1.649 0.297 0.224 0.511 0.507
   # of hospital clinic / outpatient department visits 0.040 0.188 0.009 0.048 0.016 0.038
  Community clinic / neighborhood health center
  # of community clinic / neighborhood health centers visited 0.049 0.181 0.035 0.095 0.028 0.049
  # of visits per community clinic / neighborhood health center 1.030 3.311 0.269 0.327 0.600 1.394
  # of community clinic / neighborhood health center visits 0.045 0.285 0.009 0.035 0.017 0.071
 Physician
  # of physicians visited 0.006 0.055 0.004 0.028 0.003 0.020
  # of visits per physician 0.575 0.331 0.555 0.527 0.616 0.907
  # of physician visits 0.004 0.050 0.002 0.019 0.002 0.017
 Mental healthcare providers
  # of mental healthcare providers visited 0.056 0.131 0.023 0.103 0.049 0.079
  # of visits per mental healthcare provider (psychological / emotional issues) 0.433 0.454 1.091 3.436 0.604 0.764
  # of mental healthcare provider visits (psychological / emotional issues) 0.029 0.110 0.017 0.158 0.029 0.061
  # of visits per mentalhealth care provider (medication management) 0.400 0.419 0.396 0.323 0.508 0.615
  # of mental healthcare provider visits (medication management) 0.021 0.094 0.011 0.073 0.020 0.049
  Alcohol / drug treatment providers
  # of alcohol / drug treatment providers visited 0.060 0.384 0.009 0.079 0.038 0.058
  # of visits per alcohol / drug treatment provider 0.894 1.329 0.555 0.421 1.045 2.330
  # of alcohol / drug treatment provider visits 0.062 0.615 0.007 0.076 0.039 0.140
  # of visits per alcohol / drug treatment provider (medication management) 0.810 1.286 2.137 4.278 1.148 2.758
  # of alcohol / drug treatment provider visits (medication management) 0.031 0.159 0.033 0.576 0.037 0.140
Societal perspective
# of days experienced alcohol problems 0.785 4.369 1.591 7.436   
# of days experienced drug problems 8.405 12.806 4.542 9.980   
Money spent on alcohol $22 $134 $68 $618   
Money spent on drugs $657 $1370 $200 $871   
  1. Note: A blank cell confers the measure was not asked in that study. Costs are in 2017 U.S. dollars