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Table 1 Sociodemographic and substance use disorder characteristics of participants (N = 1204)

From: The prevalence and correlates of substance use disorders among patients of two different treatment settings in Thailand

Variable MH PHC P-valuea MH PHC P-valuea
Sample Sample Any substance use disorder
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Age (years) 47.3 (13.8) 53.3 (14.1) < 0.001 44.3 (12.7) 47.4 (14.5) 0.296
  N (%) N (%)   N (%) N (%)  
All 591 (49.1) 613 (50.9)   69 (11.7) 33 (5.4)  
Sex
 Female 451 (76.3) 443 (72.3) 0.267 28 (40.6) 10 (30.3) 0.298
 Male 140 (23.7) 170 (27.7)   41 (59.4) 23 (69.7)  
Formal education
 Primary or less 225 (38.5) 394 (64.5) < 0.001 29 (43.3) 16 (48.5) 0.256
 Secondary 185 (31.7) 163 (26.7)   24 (35.8) 13 (39.4)  
 Post-secondary 174 (29.8) 54 (8.8)   14 (20.9) 4 (12.1)  
Marital status
 Single/divorced/separated/widowed 246 (41.7) 139 (22.7) < 0.001 40 (58.8) 6 (18.2) < 0.001
 Married 344 (58.3) 473 (77.3)   28 (41.2) 27 (81.8)  
Employment status
 No 190 (32.4) 153 (25.1) 0.132 20 (29.4) 6 (18.2) 0.244
 Yes 397 (67.6) 456 (74.9)   48 (70.6) 27 (81.8)  
In debt
 No/Little 426 (72.1) 454 (74.1) 0.522 49 (71.0) 26 (78.8) 0.405
 High 165 (27.9) 159 (25.9)   20 (29.0) 7 (21.2)  
Social support
 Poor 104 (17.8) 102 (16.9) < 0.001 17 (24.6) 3 (9.4) 0.098
 Moderate 272 (46.6) 375 (62.0)   37 (53.6) 24 (75.0)  
 Strong 208 (35.6) 128 (21.1)   15 (21.7) 5 (15.6)  
Chronic conditions
 None 211 (35.9) 232 (38.2) 0.711 29 (42.6) 12 (36.4) 0.832
 1–2 228 (38.8) 228 (37.5)   22 (32.4) 12 (36.4)  
 3 or more 148 (25.2) 148 (24.3)   17 (25.0) 9 (27.3)  
Major depression and/or generalized anxiety disorder
 No 462 (88.6) 505 (83.5)   47 (69.1) 23 (71.9)  
 Yes 126 (21.4) 100 (16.5) 0.027 21 (30.9) 9 (28.1) 0.779
  1. MH Monk healer setting, PHC Primary Health Care setting, M Mean, SD Standard deviation, aBased on Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test