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Table 4 Results of the multilevel regression analysis analyzing campus policy and alcohol consumption

From: Self-reported campus alcohol policy and college alcohol consumption: a multilevel analysis of 4592 Korean students from 82 colleges

 AUDIT-C Score
βS.Ep-value
Intercept5.0200.307<.0001
Area-level Characteristics (n = 82)
 College type
  College (four-year)Ref.  
  Technical (three-year)−0.1270.4000.876
  Technical (two-year)−0.2940.4400.137
  Othera−0.4660.4000.088
 Number of Students
  Q1 (Low)Ref.  
  Q2−0.0090.3470.516
  Q30.5060.4390.011
  Q4 (High)0.9550.5520.003
 Number of Faculty Members
  Q1 (Low)Ref.  
  Q2−0.1850.5020.118
  Q3−0.0070.7030.761
  Q4 (High)−0.0310.8740.593
 Number of Workers/Administrators
  Q1 (Low)Ref.  
  Q2−0.4890.4710.036
  Q3−0.2810.6080.385
  Q4 (High)−0.9200.6690.008
 Region
  MetropolisbRef.  
  Town/Countryc0.3310.2160.048
Individual-level Characteristics (n = 4592)
 Perceived Type of Campus Alcohol Policy
  Unaware of campus alcohol policyRef.  
  Bans all drinking on campus0.1230.1740.481
  Bans minors (under 19) from drinking on campus0.2370.3610.512
  Occasionally allows drinking at certain locations/during events0.1500.2600.565
  Allows drinking in outdoor spaces0.7550.2900.010
  Allows drinking in all areas0.8200.4050.044
 Alcohol Education Experience (Lecture/Mail/Campaign)
  NoneRef.  
  1–2 times0.0030.1470.986
  3–4 times−0.1130.3000.708
  More than 5 times−0.2860.2550.265
 Sex
  MaleRef.  
  Female−0.2690.1140.021
 Year Level
  1Ref.  
  2−0.0680.1300.603
  3−0.5120.1560.001
   ≥ 4−0.6140.1580.000
 Major
  Humanities and Social SciencesRef.  
  Engineering/Natural Sciences0.0680.1250.587
  Liberal Arts−0.0970.1730.573
 GPA
   ≥ 4.0Ref.  
  3.5–4.0−0.0320.1490.831
  3.0–3.50.2420.1510.109
   ≤ 3.00.4680.1780.009
 Pocket Money
  Q1 (Low)Ref.  
  Q20.6770.126<.0001
  Q31.1740.140<.0001
  Q4 (High)1.5340.144<.0001
 Smoking Status
  Current Smoker1.4560.131<.0001
  Past Smoker1.5430.226<.0001
  Non-SmokerRef.  
 Stress Level
  HighRef.  
  Normal0.2960.1550.058
  Low0.1760.1890.353
 Depressive Thoughts
  Yes0.1970.1660.239
  NoRef.  
 Suicidal Thoughts
  Yes−0.2160.2960.470
  NoRef.  
 Number of clubs/organizations
  NoneRef.  
  One0.0730.1120.515
  Two or more0.3370.1750.055
  1. aCyber college, vocational school, technical school
  2. bSeoul, Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon
  3. cGyeonggi, Gangwon, Chungbuk, Chungnam, Jonbuk, Jonnam, Gyeongbuk, Gyeongnam