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Table 2 Descriptive data of the sample: Sociodemographic data and familial and personal history with alcohol

From: Alcohol use disorders, beverage preferences and the influence of alcohol marketing: a preliminary study

Age M (Min-Max) 46.2 (19–71)
Variables % (N)
Male 73.6 (67)
Female 26.3 (24)
Living alone 65.9 (60)
Urban 84.6 (77)
Rural 15.4 (14)
Having children 67.0 (61)
Stable housing 94.5 (86)
Over school leaving age 46(N = 51)
Income (monthly)
 No professional income 35.0 (32)
 Income under 1200 euros 9.9 (9)
 Income over 1200 euros 45 (41)
 No answer 9.9 (9)
History of regular alcohol consumption in the family 78.6 (71)
History of AUD in the family 80.8 (73)
Beverage preferences in the family
 Strong Beers 0.0 (0)
 Standard-strength beers 26.4 (24)
 Wine 72.5 (66)
 Spirits 34.0 (31)
Personal beverage preferences at the initiation of alcohol consumption
 Strong Beers 0.0 (0)
 Standard-strength beers 56 (51)
 Wine 20.9 (19)
 Spirits 27.5 (25)
Personal beverage preferences at the onset of the AUD
 Strong Beers 18.7 (17)
 Standard-strength beers 26.4 (24)
 Wine 38.5 (35)
 Spirits 38.5 (35)
Current severity of AUD (DSM 5 criteria)
 Severe AUD 88 (80)
 Moderate AUD 12 (11)
Duration of AUD
 Under 9 years 31.9 (29)
 From 10 to 19 years 29.6 (27)
 Over 20 years 35.2 (32)
 No answer 3.3 (3)
AUD-related damage
criminal offence-relateda 54.8 (59)
medical b 75.8 (69)
socio-economicc 88 (80)
  1. a Types of criminal offence-related damage: 41.8% had been arrested for drink-driving, 45% (41) banned from driving, 16.5 (15) had been convicted for violent behaviour, and 23% had been convicted for unspecified reasons
  2. b Types of medical damage: 57.1% (52) described an alteration of their general state of health, 27.5% (25) neurological damage, 26.4% (24) described liver or digestive damage, and 18.7% (17) dermatological damage
  3. cTypes of socio-economic damage: 58.2% (53) described isolation, 35.1% (32) financial damage, 42.8% (39) professional damage, and 52.7% (48) damage to marital relationship