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Table 1 Characteristics of people who inject drugs and overdose history, Tehran, Iran 2016

From: Non -fatal overdose among people who inject drugs in Tehran, Iran

Characteristics Self-reported overdose past six months P-value
Yes
(n = 180)
No
(n = 285)
N (%) N (%)
Age (year)
  < 30 103 (57) 171 (60) 0.04
 30–39 54 (30) 77 (27)
 40+ 23 (13) 37 (13)
 Age (Mean + SD) 27.4 ± 7.8 33.2 ± 7.2 0.04
Education
  > High school 108 (60) 145 (51) 0.05
  < High school 72 (40) 140 (49)
Marital status
 Single 94 (52) 134 (47) 0.27
 Married 86 (48) 151 (53)
Employment Status
 Unemployed 99 (55) 134 (47) 0. 09
 Employed 81 (45) 151 (53)
Income (USD)
  > 150 68 (38) 128 (45) 0.12
  < 150 112 (72) 157 (55)
Methamphetamine use
 Yes 86 (48) 95 (33) 0.002
 No 94 (52) 190 (67)  
Alcohol use
 Yes 80 (45) 100 (35) 0.04
 No 100 (55) 185 (65)  
Age of drug initiation (year)
  < 22 101 (56) 128 (45) 0.01
 22+ 79 (44) 157 (55)  
Age of onset to injection
  < 22 117 (65) 100 (35) 0.001
 22+ 63 (35) 185 (65)  
Duration of inject drug
  ≤ 2 94 (52) 95 (33) 0.001
  > 2 86 (48) 190 (67)  
Poly drug 0.08
 Yes 81 (45) 105 (37)
 No 99 (55) 180 (63)  
History of prison
 Yes 45 (25) 57 (20) 0.2
 No 135 (75) 228 (80)  
Needle and syringe Program exposure (counseling service)
 Regular 71 (40) 180 (63) 0.001
 Irregular 109 (60) 105 (37)