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Table 1 Demographic and other characteristics of study participants, Taiwan, 2011 (n = 9120)

From: Prison sentencing increases the risk of unemployment among illegal heroin users in Taiwan

Characteristics Insurance premium at two years after index datea P value
No job salary, n = 1848 With job salary, n = 7272
Gender
 Male 1524 (20.20) 6019 (79.80) 0.759
 Female 324 (20.55) 1253 (79.45)  
Age (years) at index date
 18–24 375 (23.32) 1233 (76.68) < 0.001
 25–44 1160 (18.44) 5131 (81.56)  
  ≥ 45 313 (25.63) 908 (74.37)  
Type of residence
 Rural 539 (21.43) 1976 (78.57) 0.087
 Urban 1309 (19.82) 5296 (80.18)  
Insurance premium at two years after index date
 With job salary 1265 (16.01) 6635 (83.99) < 0.001
 Without job salary 583 (47.79) 637 (52.21)  
Type of sentencing
 Deferred prosecution 393 (16.33) 2013 (83.67) < 0.001
 Observation and rehabilitation 853 (17.99) 3888 (82.01)  
 Compulsory rehabilitation 6 (40.00) 9 (60.00)  
 Sentenced to prison 596 (30.44) 1362 (69.56)  
Education level
 Elementary 323 (21.72) 1164 (78.28) < 0.001
 Junior high school 1107 (21.47) 4050 (78.53)  
 Senior high school 383 (16.89) 1885 (83.11)  
 College 35 (16.83) 173 (83.17)  
Marital status
 Single 1335 (19.30) 5581 (80.70) < 0.001
 Married 348 (21.97) 1236 (78.03)  
 Divorce or widowed 165 (26.61) 455 (73.39)  
Drug use criminal record
 0 236 (18.02) 1074 (81.98) < 0.001
 1 559 (15.23) 3111 (84.77)  
 2 342 (19.94) 1373 (80.06)  
  ≥ 3 711 (29.32) 1714 (70.68)  
Schizophrenia
 Yes 1822 (20.31) 7147 (79.69) 0.321
 No 26 (17.22) 125 (82.78)  
Depression
 Yes 1675 (20.20) 6616 (79.80) 0.687
 No 173 (20.87) 656 (79.13)  
Bipolar
 Yes 1819 (20.22) 7179 (79.78) 0.381
 No 29 (23.77) 93 (76.23)  
Charlson comorbidity score
 0 915 (21.43) 3354 (78.57) < 0.001
 1 446 (18.82) 1924 (81.18)  
 2 206 (16.78) 1022 (83.22)  
  ≥ 3 281 (22.43) 972 (77.57)  
  1. a The index date was the date of release from prison, treatment centers or deferred prosecution; job status monitoring lasted for two years after the index date