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Table 3 Distribution of EQ-5D-5L dimensions at baseline and at follow-up

From: Health-related quality of life of long-term patients receiving opioid agonist therapy: a nested prospective cohort study in Norway

Mean time between baseline and follow-up is 375 days (95% CI: 358,6–391.9)
Baseline: 609 patients Follow-up: 245 patients
Dimension Baseline Baselinea Follow-up p value
Mobility mean (95% CI) 1.7 (1.6–1.8) 1.7 (1.5–1.8) 1.5 (1.4–1.6)  
No problems n (%) 378 (62.1) 149 (60.8) 170 (69.4) 0.0081
Slight problems n (%) 119 (19.5) 53 (21.6) 40 (16.3)  
Moderate problems n (%) 49 (8.1) 23 (9.4) 21 (8.6)  
Severe problems n (%) 59 (9.7) 18 (7.4) 14 (5.7)  
Unable to walk about n (%) 3 (0.5) 2 (1.0) 0 (0)  
Self-care mean mean (95% CI) 1.3 (1.2–1.3) 1.3 (1.2–1.4) 1.2 (1.2–1.3)  
No problems n (%) 517 (84.9) 202 (82.5) 204 (83.3) 0.4
Slight problems n (%) 56 (9.2) 27 (11.0) 29 (11.8)  
Moderate problems n (%) 18 (2.9) 9 (3.7) 8 (3.3)  
Severe problems n (%) 15 (2.5) 7 (2.9) 4 (1.6)  
Unable to wash or dress n (%) 2 (0.2) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Usual activities mean (95% CI) 1.8 (1.7–1.9) 1.9 (1.8–2.1) 1.8 (1.6–1.9)  
No problems n (%) 350 (57.5) 120 (49.0) 142 (58.0) 0.1
Slight problems n (%) 129 (21.1) 69 (28.2) 45 (18.4)  
Moderate problems n (%) 64 (10.5) 23 (9.4) 32 (13.1)  
Severe problems n (%) 58 (9.5) 27 (11.0) 24 (9.8)  
Unable to do usual activities n (%) 5 (0.8) 5 (2.0) 2 (0.8)  
Pain/discomfort mean (95% CI) 2.3 (2.2–2.4) 2.2 (2.1–2.4) 2.1 (1.9–2.2)  
No pain/discomfort n (%) 218 (35.8) 90 (36.7) 109 (44.5) 0.0245
Slight pain/discomfort n (%) 142 (23.3) 58 (23.7) 53 (21.6)  
Moderate pain/discomfort n (%) 127 (20.9) 53 (21.6) 47 (19.2)  
Severe pain/discomfort n (%) 92 (15.1) 35 (14.3) 29 (11.8)  
Extreme pain/discomfort n (%) 29 (4.8) 9 (3.7) 7 (2.9)  
Anxiety/depression mean (95% CI) 2.7 (2.6–2.8) 2.7 (2.6–2.9) 2.7 (2.5–2.8)  
Not anxious/depressed n (%) 137 (22.5) 48 (19.6) 63 (25.7) 0.3
Slightly anxious/depressed n (%) 157 (25.8) 66 (26.9) 46 (18.8)  
Moderately anxious/depressed n (%) 136 (22.3) 56 (22.9) 64 (26.1)  
Severely anxious/depressed n (%) 132 (21.7) 51 (20.8) 56 (22.9)  
Extremely anxious/depressed n (%) 45 (7.4) 24 (9.8) 16 (6.5)  
  1. CI Confidence interval
  2. P-value: based on paired t-test of means for the 245 patients with two time points
  3. aBaseline values for the 245 patients who were included for follow-up analysis