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Table 3 Hierarchical Regression analysis to predict Hookah Smoking related factors according to SEA

From: Determinants of hookah smoking among men in the coffee houses: an application of socio-ecological approach

level Step/variable B (Step1) SE P-value B (Step2) SE P- value B (Step3) SE P-value
Personal Perceived severity .115 .009 .059 .020 .009 .761 .027 .010 .701
Perceived sensitivity .085 .013 .159 .035 .013 .558 .036 .013 .547
Age −.217 .006 .002 −.213 .006 .002 −.216 .006 .002
Education −.136 .049 .028 −.166 .048 .007 −.164 .048 .007
Employed or unemployed −.075 .260 .212 −.090 .254 .126 −.108 .259 .073
Income −.265 .048 .000 −.210 .048 .002 −.197 .049 .004
Inter-personal Perceived reward −.232 .006 .001 −.251 .006 .001
Social Social support .009 .007 .891
  R2 .251    .301    .308   
  Cumulative R2 .251    .552    .860   
  P value 0.0001    0.0001    0.0001