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Table 4 Bivariate logistic regression of factors associated with substance use among street children, Jimma town, Oromiya, South West Ethiopia March 2019

From: Prevalence and factors associated with substance use among street children in Jimma town, Oromiya national regional state, Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables Categories Substance use COR(95% CI) P value
yes no
Sex Male 92 189 3.286 [1.117–9.668] 0.031*
Female 4 27 1  
Age 12–14 49 142 1  
≥14 47 74 1.84 [1.129–3.001] 0.014*
Educational status Never attend school 34 54 1  
Read and write 8 15 0.84 [0.325–2.211] 0.735
Grade 1–4 38 108 0.56 [0.317–0.985] 0.044*
Grade 5–8 16 39 0.652 [0.316–1.343] 0.246*
Daily income (birr) ≤ 35 47 124 1  
> 35 49 92 1.40 [0.867–2.277] 0.167*
Sleeping place (Hotel veranda) Yes 54 103 1.411 [0.870–2.288] 0.163*
No 42 113 1  
Sleeping place (Old and abandoned buildings) yes 22 82 0.486 [0.28–0.842] 0.010*
no 74 134 1  
Child’s job (Carrying small items) yes 75 150 1.571 [0.894–2.762] 0.116*
no 21 66 1  
Child’s job (Delivering messages) yes 8 46 0.336 [0.152–0.743] 0.047*
no 88 170 1  
Child’s job (Begging) yes 7 30 0.488 [0.206–1.153] 0.102*
no 89 186 1  
Duration on the street < 12 40 142 1  
12–60 49 67 2.59 [1.561–4.318] 0.001*
> 60 7 7 3.55 [1.176–10.716] 0.025*
Paternal substance use Yes 52 100 3.64 [1.614–8.207] 0.002*
No 8 56 1  
Don’t know 36 60 4.2 [1.798–9.809] 0.001*
Maternal substance use Yes 24 14 7.2 [3.383–15.322] 0.001*
No 35 147 1  
Don’t know 37 55 2.83 [1.620–4.929] 0.001*
Sibling substance use Yes 28 26 3.06 [1.627–5.767] 0.001*
No 45 128 1  
Don’t know 23 61 1.07 [0.596–1.930] 0.815
Best friend substance use Yes 76 69 8.096 [4.58–14.309] 0.000*
No 20 147 1  
  1. COR crude odds ratio; CI Confidence Interval; *p ≤ 0.25