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Table 4 Characteristics of associated factors for the 1 year prevalence alcohol use disorder among HIV AIDS patients in Africa by their Odds ratio, Confidence interval, association strength, author and year of publication

From: The prevalence and factors associated with alcohol use disorder among people living with HIV/AIDS in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Associated factors Odds ratio (AOR) 95% CI Strength of association Author, year of publication Remark
Lower ducational status 8.5 1.70,42.99 Strong and positive Bultum et al. 2018 [27]  
Cigarette smoking 3.49 1.01,12.13 Strong and positive Bultum et al. 2018 [27]  
Chat chewing 5.11 1.60,16.33 Strong, positive Bultum et al. 2018 [27]  
Family history of alcohol use 3.58 15.2,8.47 Strong and positive Bultum et al. 2018 [27]  
Missing ART drugs 3.05 1.30,7.12 Strong and positive Bultum et al. 2018 [27]  
Being Male 3.48 1.27, 9.59 Strong, positive Gebrie, 2019 [49]  
Cigarette smoking 5.12 4.02, 8.61 Strong and positive Gebrie, 2019 [49]  
Chat chewing 3.23 2.06, 6.89 Strong and positive Gebrie, 2019 [49]  
CD4 count of 0–200 19.49 1.74, 218.4 Strong and positive Gebrie, 2019 [49]  
Being male 14.1 5.84, 33.87 Strong and positive Segni et al. 2017 [28]  
Family history of substance use 2.66 1.15, 6.13 Strong and positive Segni et al. 2017 [28]  
Missing a dose of HIV medications 2.04 1.67, 2.49 Strong and positive Medley et al. 2014 [21]  
Inconsistent condom use 1.49 1.23, 1.79 Moderate and positive Medley et al. 2014 [21]  
Commercial sex 1.57 1.06, 2.32 Moderate and positive Medley et al. 2014 [21]  
STI 1.40 1.10, 1.77 Moderate and positive Medley et al. 2014 [21]  
Male sex 2.43 1.76, 5.76 Strong and positive Duko et a; 2019 [55]  
Poor social support 1.34 1.12, 6.73 weak and positive Duko et a; 2019 [55]  
Being medication non-adherent 1.78 1.33, 6.79 Strong and positive Duko et a; 2019 [55]  
Chat chewing 1.67 1.16, 5.45 Strong and positive Duko et a; 2019 [55]  
Cigarette smoking 3.76 2.16, 7.54 Strong and positive Duko et a; 2019 [55]  
Male sex X2 = 17.999 P = 0.000 Strong and positive Goar et al. 2011 [10]  
Lower education X2 = 9.86 P = 0.000 Strong and positive Goar et al. 2011 [10]  
low income X2 = 13.68 P = 0.002 Strong and positive Goar et al. 2011 [10]  
Male sex 5.2 2.48, 11.22 Strong and positive Farley et al. 2010 [9]  
Orthodox religion 2.3 1.22,4.31 Strong and positive Soboka et al. 2016 [51]  
Protestant religion 2.3 1.23,4.34 Strong and positive Soboka et al. 2016 [51]  
Male sex 2.23 1.30, 3.83 Strong and positive Soboka et al. 2016 [51]  
Cigarette smoking 3.4 1.38–8.40 Strong and positive Soboka et al. 2016 [51]  
Mental distress 2.24 1.40, 3.64 Strong and positive Soboka et al. 2016 [51]  
Being female 0.1 0.05,0.19 Strong and negative Egbe et al. 2017 [8] Harmful alcohol use
Being Christian 3.44 1.43,8.27 Strong and positive Egbe et al. 2017 [8] Harmful alcohol use
Being female 0.32 0.13, 0.76 Strong and negative Egbe et al. 2017 [8] Dependent drinking