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Table 2 A subgroup analysis of the 1 year prevalence of alcohol use disorder among HIV AIDS patients on ART in Africa with its 95% confidence interval

From: The prevalence and factors associated with alcohol use disorder among people living with HIV/AIDS in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Subgroup Number of studies Estimates Heterogeneity
Prevalence (%) 95% CI I2 Q (DF) P-value
Country Ethiopia 5 23.36 17.53, 31.19 98.6% 195.17(4) P < 0.001
Nigeria 3 22.8 6.83, 38.77 99.5% 2037.2(2) P < 0.001
Uganda 4 16.61 6.86, 26.36 99.8% 2120 (3) P < 0.001
South Africa 4 28.77 10.39, 47.16 99. 2% 1246.23(3) P < 0.001
Kenya, Namibia & Zambia 6 18.82 10.09, 27.54 97.8% 123.2(5) P < 0.001
Study design used Cross-sectional 18 22.25 17.13, 27.37 98.8% 921.57(17) P < 0.001
Cohort 4 21.02 9.26, 32.79 99.6% 742.86 (3) P < 0.001
Sample size studied < 450 12 26.46   99.2% 1242.12 (11) P < 0.001
> 450 10 16.71 10.30, 23.12 98.5% 735.25(9) P < 0.001
Year of publication Before 2011 3 13.47 0.20, 26.75 96.5% 108.32(2) P < 0.001
2011–2015 8 24.93 15.10, 34.77 97.9% 135.8(7) P < 0.001
After 2015 11 22.88 17.71, 28.25 99.8% 2120 (10) P < 0.001
  1. Key; DF Degree of Freedom, CI Confidence Interval