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Table 6 Comparison of the mean score and SD of the aspects of social functioning in terms of the demographical variables

From: Psychological, social, and motivational factors in persons who use drugs

VariableChildhood problemsViolenceRisk-taking behaviorSocial conformitySocial functioning
GenderaM1.0 ± 58.711.1 ± 60.102.0 ± 51.842.0 ± 13.791.0 ± 95.45
F1.0 ± 46.0541.1 ± 58.092.1 ± 47.022.0 ± 00.821.0 ± 92.41
Sig.0.3630.9340.3310.3160.674
EducationbElementary level1.0 ± 60.691.1 ± 63.102.0 ± 55.852.0 ± 17.771.0 ± 99.44
High school1.0 ± 55.741.1 ± 50.062.0 ± 52.902.0 ± 4.841.0 ± 90.48
Higher education1.0 ± 50.611.1 ± 68.172.0 ± 52.852.0 ± 10.761.0 ± 95.39
Sig.0.7000.6110.9630.5260.432
Place of residenceaUrban1.0 ± 54.691.1 ± 54.112.0 ± 51.872.0 ± 11.801.0 ± 92.44
Rural area1.0 ± 79.612.0 ± 18.8120 ± 78.762.0 ± 13.742.0 ± 22.40
Sig.0.0860.0110.1420.8720.004
JobbOffice employee1.0 ± 47.641.0 ± 45.942.0 ± 72.772.0 ± 28.791.0 ± 98.38
Housewife1.0 ± 50.601.1 ± 65.122.0 ± 73.841.0 ± 85.721.0 ± 93.35
Worker1.0 ± 74.741.1 ± 86.182.0 ± 48.772.0 ± 07.732.0 ± 4.50
Freelancer1.0 ± 55.691.1 ± 56.092.0 ± 54.872.0 ± 16.831.0 ± 95.44
Unemployed1.0 ± 40.771.1 ± 56.342.1 ± 4.071.0 ± 82.841.0 ± 70.48
Retired0.0 ± 94.430.0 ± 60.601.1 ± 93.141.0 ± 92.671.0 ± 35.29
University student2.0 ± 10.142.0 ± 14.202.0 ± 67.941.0 ± 80.292.0 ± 18.15
Sig.0.1310.1910.0720.2600.012
Marital statusbUnmarried1.0 ± 65.711.1 ± 74.102.0 ± 43.912.0 ± 00.751.0 ± 96.42
Married1.0 ± 54.671.1 ± 47.062.0 ± 70.792.0 ± 28.772.0 ± 00.43
Divorced1.0 ± 57.771.1 ± 82.282.0 ± 30.901.0 ± 81.821.0 ± 88.47
Widow1.0 ± 20.551.0 ± 30.931.0 ± 78.891.0 ± 47.731.0 ± 44.44
Sig.0.2240.1210.0010.0000.001
IncomebLow1.0 ± 64.731.1 ± 76.102.0 ± 50.862.0 ± 5.741.0 ± 98.45
Moderate1.0 ± 49.621.1 ± 46.042.0 ± 56.882.0 ± 11.871.0 ± 91.44
High1.0 ± 17.440.0 ± 76.922.0 ± 73.802.0 ± 60.791.0 ± 82.38
Sig.0.0100.0000.4840.0130.0478
Way of usingbSmoking1.0 ± 53.701.1 ± 59.072.0 ± 54.902.0 ± 00.801.0 ± 91.49
Injection2.0 ± 40.732.1 ± 45.001.0 ± 78.871.0 ± 70.762.0 ± 0.8.37
Oral1.0 ± 36.581.1 ± 22.122.0 ± 90.792.0 ± 49.831.0 ± 99.37
Inhaling1.0 ± 91.732.1 ± 38.002.0 ± 09.921.0 ± 98.582.0 ± 08.62
Mixed1.0 ± 70.711.1 ± 95.022.0 ± 33.662.0 ± 07.942.0 ± 01.45
Sig.0.0740.0840.0120.1210.431
Type of drugaOnly one type1.0 ± 68.751.1 ± 86.112.0 ± 63.891.0 ± 70.781.0 ± 96.49
Mixed1.0 ± 75.591.0 ± 80.872.1 ± 66.021.0 ± 49.691.0 ± 92.41
Sig.0.420.5380.6540.0410.739
  1. aindependent sample test
  2. bOne-way ANOVA