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Table 4 Comparison of the mean score and SD of the aspects of Psychological functioning in terms of the demographical variables

From: Psychological, social, and motivational factors in persons who use drugs

VariableSelf-esteemDepressionAnxietyDecision-making confidencePsychological functioning
GenderaM2.0 ± 25.952.1 ± 01.091.0 ± 78.881.0 ± 94.852.0 ± 0.64
F2.1 ± 54.022.0 ± 44.902.0 ± 7.911.0 ± 99.972.0 ± 26.63
Sig.0.1100.0150.0810.7580.030
EducationbElementary level2.1 ± 30.022.1 ± 1.021.0 ± 80.881.0 ± 80.851.0 ± 98.67
High school2.0 ± 25.952.1 ± 17.181.0 ± 88.951.0 ± 96.902.0 ± 7.68
Higher education2.0 ± 33.912.1 ± 1.001 ± 76.792.0 ± 22.802.0 ± 8.53
Sig.0.8870.5370.7170.0150.520
Place of residenceaUrban2.0 ± 28.982.1 ± 16.072.0 ± 5.881.0 ± 94.882.0 ± 2.65
Rural area2.0 ± 33.782.1 ± 6.101.0 ± 80.922.0 ± 0.752.0 ± 13.54
Sig.0.7910.7000.2450.7360.375
JobbOffice employee2.0 ± 37.951.1 ± 99.121.0 ± 79.892.0 ± 7.942 ± 5.66
Housewife2 ± 92.922 ± 71.822.0 ± 31.921.0 ± 77.962.0 ± 43.65
Worker2.0 ± 60.822.0 ± 31.981.0 ± 93.801.0 ± 77.772.0 ± 15.53
Freelancer2.0 ± 7.911.1 ± 88.071.0 ± 77.912.0 ± 5.821.0 ± 94.63
Unemployed1.1 ± 88.312.1 ± 16.291.0 ± 41.751.1 ± 66.071.0 ± 78.76
Retired1.0 ± 48.361.0 ± 28.891.0 ± 20.602.0 ± 8.761.0 ± 51.56
University student2.0 ± 90.142.0 ± 17.242.0 ± 38.182.0 ± 0.052.0 ± 36.1
Sig.0.0000.0090.0230.2640.004
Marital statusbUnmarried2.0 ± 44.932.1 ± 29.121.0 ± 98.841.0 ± 92.842.0 ± 16.62
Married2.0 ± 22.911.1 ± 87.031.0 ± 73.882.0 ± 2.901.0 ± 96.61
Divorced2.1 ± 61.132.1 ± 41.142.1 ± 0.011.0 ± 80.712.0 ± 20.76
Widow1.0 ± 31.782.0 ± 12.701.0 ± 36.551.0 ± 58.951.0 ± 59.59
Sig.0.0010.0130.0460.2760.008
IncomebLow1.0 ± 48.892.1 ± 28.021.0 ± 95.851.0 ± 96.821.0 ± 91.59
Moderate1.1 ± 99.041.1 ± 74.101.0 ± 61.911.0 ± 83.941.0 ± 79.70
High1.0 ± 82.961.0 ± 52.981.0 ± 51.922.0 ± 36.841.0 ± 80.61
Sig.0.0000.0000.0070.0530.000
Way of usingbSmoking2.1 ± 14.101.1 ± 92.071.0 ± 83.951.0 ± 94.891.0 ± 96.75
Injection2.0 ± 70.932.0 ± 58.942.0 ± 9.571.0 ± 67.382.0 ± 26.54
Oral2.0 ± 29.971.1 ± 98.161.0 ± 69.752.0 ± 23.922.0 ± 5.58
Inhaling2.0 ± 56.882.0 ± 45.932.0 ± 2.841.0 ± 62.722.0 ± 16.53
Mixed2.0 ± 33.952.1 ± 29.111.0 ± 92.881.0 ± 79.822.0 ± 8.79
Sig.0.7590.3650.6910.0630.821
Type of drugaOnly one type2.0 ± 12.761.0 ± 98.751.1 ± 78.122.0 ± 30.912.0 ± 4.93
Mixed2.0 ± 3.932.1 ± 15.062.0 ± 3.882.0 ± 10.632.0 ± 7.93
Sig.0.3670.1580.1430.2870.542
  1. aindependent sample test
  2. bOne-way ANOVA