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Table 1 Opium and Cardiovascular problems

From: The effects of opium on the cardiovascular system: a review of side effects, uses, and potential mechanisms

Opium andAtherosclerosisPotential risk factor[10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18]
Potential protective factor[1], [19]
Impartial factor[20,21,22,23,24,25]
MIPotential risk factor[26,27,28,29,30,31]
Potential protective factor[32,33,34,35]
Impartial factor[36,37,38,39,40]
ArrhythmiasPotential risk factor[41], [37], [21], [39], [42], [43], [44], [45]
Potential protective factor[46]
Impartial factor[47]
Ejection FractionPotential risk factor[24], [22], [21, 48], [42], [49], [50]
Impartial factor[1], [12], [26], [32, 47], [16], [3, 51], [38], [33], [23, 39, 52,53,54]
Cardiovascular mortalityPotential risk factor[21], [24], [37], [39], [55]
Potential protective factor[32]
Impartial factor[3], [33], [26], [38], [53], [56], [6, 29, 47, 52, 57, 58]