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Table 6 Associated factors with MMT adherence

From: Treatment adherence amongst drug users attending public and private methadone maintenance clinics in a northern province of Vietnam

  Incomplete adherence Adherence VAS Ever missed dose
OR 95% CI Coef. 95% CI OR 95% CI
Marital status (Living with partners/spouse vs single) 0.58* 0.33; 1.01 3.64** 0.38; 6.90 2.10 0.77; 5.74
Occupation (vs Unemployment)
 Self-employed    3.64* −0.51; 7.80   
 Blue collar worker/farmer    6.41*** 1.91; 10.91   
 Others    6.33*** 1.85; 10.81   
Quintile monthly family income (vs First)
 Third 2.02** 1.13; 3.62     
 Fifth    2.63 −1.16; 6.43   
Smoke (Yes vs no)      4.31* 0.99; 18.74
History of drug injections (Yes vs no) 1.75** 1.06; 2.88 −2.28 −5.34; 0.78   
Concurrent illicit drug use (Yes vs no) 27.66*** 3.40; 224.78 −14.56*** −20.15; −8.98   
MMT dose (mg) 0.99** 0.98; 1.00 0.04* −0.01; 0.08   
Receiving support in MMT service (Yes vs no)
 None 0.42*** 0.22; 0.78 3.48* −0.26; 7.21   
 Health workers at MMT facility 0.28*** 0.16; 0.49 5.28*** 1.96; 8.60   
 Commune health workers 0.24 0.03; 1.73 11.08* −0.56; 22.72   
 Peer 2.97*** 1.46; 6.06 −4.00* −8.02; 0.02   
Most effective manner to not miss dose (Remember by yourself vs Self-timer) 0.39*** 0.22; 0.69    0.57 0.26; 1.23
MMT model (Public vs Private) 1.70** 1.06; 2.73 −3.55** −6.45; −0.64 2.54** 1.21; 5.34
Distance to MMT facility (vs Near)
 Reasonable 1.98** 1.12; 3.50 −3.31** −6.25; −0.37 0.52* 0.24; 1.12
 Far 8.82*** 2.09; 37.19 −7.74*** −13.10; −2.39   
Distance to MMT facility (km) 0.90* 0.80; 1.01     
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1