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Table 4 Social support in MMT treatment

From: Treatment adherence amongst drug users attending public and private methadone maintenance clinics in a northern province of Vietnam

Characteristics Completely adherence Incompletely adherence Total p-value
n % n % n %
Current support provider
 None 41 24.0 47 21.0 88 22.3 0.48*
 Health workers at MMT facility 85 49.7 78 34.8 163 41.3 < 0.01*
 Other health workers 4 2.3 4 1.8 8 2.0 0.73¢
 Relatives in family 130 76.0 177 79.0 307 77.7 0.48*
 Peer in MMT 22 12.9 45 20.1 67 17.0 0.06*
 Neighbors/other acquaintances 9 5.3 7 3.1 16 4.1 0.29*
Perceived needed support provider
 None 35 20.5 45 20.1 80 20.3 0.93*
 Health workers at MMT facility 77 45.0 67 29.9 144 36.5 < 0.01*
 Other health workers 9 5.3 7 3.1 16 4.1 0.27*
 Relatives in family 131 76.6 176 78.6 307 77.7 0.64*
 Peer in MMT 26 15.2 27 12.1 53 13.4 0.36*
 Neighbors/other acquaintances 10 5.9 7 3.1 17 4.3 0.19*
Perceived most needed support provider
 None 46 26.9 53 23.7 99 25.1 0.46*
 Health workers 125 73.1 171 76.3 296 74.9  
Perceived most effective type of support
 Self-timer (clock, phone, etc.) 19 11.1 39 17.4 58 14.7 < 0.01*
 Relatives support 2 1.2 20 8.9 22 5.6  
 Remember by yourself 144 84.2 145 64.7 289 73.2  
 Other 6 3.5 20 8.9 26 6.6  
Perceived additional type of support to improve MMT adherence
 None 140 81.9 157 70.1 297 75.2 0.01*
 Methods to improve treatment 3 1.8 14 6.25 17 4.3 0.03*
 Job search guidelines 10 5.9 18 8.0 28 7.1 0.40*
 Financial support 26 15.2 50 22.3 76 19.2 0.08*
  1. *Chi square test, ¢Fisher exact test