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Table 5 Sociodemographic, personal, and criminal related factors associated with alcohol use disorder

From: Alcohol use disorder among prisoners in Debre Berhan prison, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variable Response category AUD caseness COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No (%) Yes (%)
Age ≤ 20 38 (37.6) 63 (62.4) 1.0 1.0
21–24 36 (47.4) 40 (52.6) 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 0.6 (0.3, 1.3)
25–29 34 (44.7) 42 (55.3) 0.7 (0.4, 1.4) 1.1 (0.5, 2.4)
> 30 34 (36.2%) 60 (63.8%) 1.1 (0.6, 1.9) 2.3 (1.0, 5.3)
Marital status Unmarrieda 81 (37.5) 135 (62.5) 1.0 1.0
Married 61 (46.6) 70 (53.4) 0.7 (0.4, 1.1) 0.46 (0.2, 0.9)
Frequency of worship Daily 30 (44.8) 37 (55.2) 0.8 (0.4, 1.4) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1)
2–3 times per week 15 (46.9) 17 (53.1) 0.7 (0.3, 1.6) 0.6 (0.2, 1.4)
Once a week 61 (39.6) 93 (60.4) 1.0 1.0
Less than weekly 29 (47.5) 32 (52.5) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 0.6 (0.3, 1.2)
Never 7 (21.21%) 26 (78.79%) 2.43 (1.00, 5.96) 1.38 (0.49, 3.88)
Residence Urban 60 (35.7) 108 (64.3) 1.52 (1.0, 2.3) 1.23 (0.7, 2.2)
Rural 82 (45.8) 97 (54.2) 1.0 1.0
Index offense Homicidal 54 (52.4) 49 (47.6) 1.0 1.0
Stealing & Robbery 20 (29.8) 47 (70.9) 2.59 (1.4, 5.0) 2.3 (1.0, 5.2)
Rape 15 (36.6) 26 (63.4) 1.9 (0.9, 4.0) 1.1 (0.4, 2.8)
Conflict 36 (39.6) 55 (60.4) 1.7 (1.0, 3.0) 1.7 (0.9, 3.4)
Other b 17 (37.8) 28 (62.2) 1.8 (0.9, 3.7) 2.6 (1.1, 5.9)
History of imprisonment Yes 2 (12.5) 14 (87.5) 5.1(1.2, 22.9) 4.5 (0.9, 23.7)
No 140 (42.3) 191 (57.7) 1.0 1.0
Substance use for crime Yes 23 (19.2) 97 (80.8) 4.6 (2.8, 7.8) 4.2 (2.3, 7.8)
No 119 (52.4) 108 (47.6) 1.0 1.0
Childhood separation Yes 18 (23.4) 59 (76.6) 2.8 (1.6, 5.0) 1.8 (0.9, 3.6)
No 124 (45.9) 146 (54.1) 1.0 1.0
Childhood abuse Yes 6 (15.0) 34 (85.0) 4.5(1.8, 11.0) 1.9 (0.7, 5.6)
No 136 (44.3) 171 (55.7) 1.0 1.0
Family hx of substance use Yes 2 (7.4) 25 (92.6) 9.7(2.3, 41.7) 8.7 (1.7, 44.9)
No 140 (43.8) 180 (56.2) 1.0 1.0
Living status Alone 25 (36.2) 44 (63.8) 1.4 (0.8, 2.5) 1.0 (0.5, 2.1)
With friend 9 (25.0) 27 (75.0) 2.4 (1.1, 5.4) 2.3 (0.9, 6.0)
With family 108 (44.6) 134 (55.4) 1.0 1.0
Satisfaction in life Very poor 4 (30.8) 9 (69.2) 1.6 (0.5, 5.5) 0.6 (0.1, 3.0)
Poor 7 (28.0%) 18 (72.0%) 1.8 (0.7, 4.7) 1.2 (0.4, 3.4)
Neutral 23 (39.7%) 35 (60.3) 1.1 (0.6, 2.0) 0.8 (0.4, 1.6)
Good 53 (41.7) 74 (58.3) 1.0 1.0
Very good 55 (44.4) 69 (55.6) 0.9 (0.5, 1.5) 0.6 (0.4, 1.2)
Struggle to meet needs Yes 17 (28.8) 42 (71.2) 1.9 (1.0, 3.5) 1.4 (0.6, 2.9)
No 125 (43.4) 163 (56.6) 1.0 1.0
  1. Abbreviations: AOR Adjusted odds ratio, AUD Alcohol use disorder, CI Confidence interval, COR Crude odds ratio, hx History
  2. Bold is for variables with p-value of < 0.05
  3. aSingle, divorced, separated, and widowed. broad traffic accident, protection of a person who committed a crime, smuggling, illegal person transfer, abduction, corruption, and cheating