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Table 3 Changes in health status and quality of life among participants

From: Changes in quality of life and its associated factors among illicit drug users in Vietnamese mountainous provinces: a 12-month follow-up study

CharacteristicsBaselineFollow-upp-valueEffect size
n%n%
Being hospitalized in the last 3 months52.1135.40.050.09*
Having any health problem in the last 30 days3213.12410.00.280.05*
Comorbidities
 HBV229.02912.20.250.05*
 HCV5522.56125.70.410.04*
 Opportunistic infections41.662.50.500.03*
 HIV/AIDS2711.13213.40.440.04*
Quality of life (WHOQoL- BREF)MeanSDMeanSDp-valueEffect size
 Physical health60.112.963.112.40.020.24
 Psychological61.412.464.311.80.010.24
 Social relationships50.514.853.715.90.010.21
 Environment59.111.461.711.20.010.23
  1. *Cramér’s Phi test; Cohen’s d test