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Table 2 Baseline sociodemographic variables and mental stress scores for involuntarily admitted or voluntarily admitted patients

From: Readiness to change among involuntarily and voluntarily admitted patients with substance use disorders

 Involuntary n/Voluntary nInvoluntaryVoluntary
Age, years
 Median65/1372428
 Q1, Q365/13721.0, 34.523.5, 36.0
 Range65/13718.0–57.019.0–61.0
 Female, n (%)65/13731 (48)37 (27)
Substance useb, d
 Alcohol60/13229 (48.3)41 (31.1)
 Heroin61/13421 (34.4)18 (13.4)
 Other opiates60/13011 (18.3)25 (19.2)
 Benzodiazepines, other sedatives60/13439 (65.0)63 (47.0)
 Amphetamines62/13535 (56.5)67 (49.6)
 Cannabis61/13332 (52.5)71 (53.4)
 Cocaine, inhalants, hallucinogens60/13212 (20.0)18 (13.6)
Mental diagnosis
 No mental diagnosis65/13726 (40.0)35 (25.5)
 Severe mental diagnoses (F20-F39)65/13714 (21.5)38 (27.7)
 Other mental diagnoses (F40-F99)65/13725 (38.5)64 (46.7)
Education
 Mean years in primary school and high school (SD)59/13010.5 (1.4)10.6 (1.6)
 Patients attending college and university, n (%)59/1304 (7)14 (11)
Sources of financial supporta, b, n (%)
 Employment60/1306 (10)24 (19)
 Public welfare benefits62/13559 (95)115 (85)
 Partner, family, or friends60/13017 (28)37 (29)
 Illegal activity60/13024 (40)47 (36)
Living arrangementb, n (%)
 With partner59/1308 (13)11 (9)
 Alone59/13031 (52)62 (48)
 With family59/1309 (15)26 (20)
 No stable arrangements59/1309 (15)16 (12)
 Controlled environment59/1302 (3)15 (12)
 Treated by a physician for somatic diseasesb, n (%)60/13024 (40)32 (25)
 Injecting illicit drugb, n (%)61/13443 (71)62 (46)
 Overdoses on drugsc, n (%)59/13041 (70)63 (49)
 Suicide attemptsc, n (%)60/13123 (38)71 (54)
  1. Q1, Q3: first, third quartile, SD: standard deviation. aSome patients had more than one source of financial support,
  2. bLast 6 months before admission, cLifetime prevalence, dSome patients had more than one substance use