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Table 6 Factors associated with HIV infection among PWID in multivariate logistic regression model

From: Prevalence and risk factors of HIV infection among people who inject drugs in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

Variables in the final model* AOR (95% CI)
Gender
 Male Reference
 Female 1.88 (1.03–4.04)
Age group
  < 25 Reference
 25–34 1.44 (0.66–4.47)
  ≥ 35 2.99 (1.33–9.22)
Current marital status  
 Never married Reference
 Married 0.96 (0.39–2.34)
 Widowed/divorced/separated 2.57 (1.04–6.67)
Level of formal education completed  
 Primary (0–6 years) Reference
 Secondary school (7–9 years) 0.85 (0.35–2.05)
 High school or higher (≥10 years) 0.44 (0.13–0.83)
Average monthly income in the past 6 months (US$)
  < 100 Reference
 100–199 0.94 (0.45–1.94)
  ≥ 200 0.20 (0.05–0.74)
Living arrangement
 With family/relatives Reference
 On the streets (homeless) 2.86 (1.24–4.37)
 In own dwelling 1.19 (0.53–7.95)
 With friends 1.48 (0.62–9.74)
HCV test result
 Negative Reference
 Positive 3.89 (1.86–8.15)
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, HCV hepatitis C virus, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, PWID people who inject drugs
  2. *Age, gender, marital status, education level, entertainment venue, and variables associated with HIV infection in the bivariate analyses at a level of p < 0.05 were simultaneously included in the model