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Table 4 Comparisons of STI symptoms among HIV-positive and HIV-negative PWID

From: Prevalence and risk factors of HIV infection among people who inject drugs in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

  Total (n = 310) HIV test result
Positive (n = 47) Negative (n = 263)
n (%) n (%) n (%) P-value*
Tested positive for hepatitis C 87 (28.1) 27 (57.4) 60 (22.8) < 0.001
Tested positive for syphilis 16 (5.2) 3 (6.4) 13 (4.9) 0.72
Had any STI symptoms 87 (28.2) 12 (25.5) 75 (28.6) 0.66
Cuts or sores around the genitals 22 (25.0) 1 (8.3) 21 (27.6) 0.28
Swelling around the genitals 23 (26.1) 1 (8.3) 22 (28.9) 0.17
Abnormal urethral discharge 58 (65.9) 9 (75.0) 49 (64.5) 0.74
Symptoms around the anus 12 (13.6) 2 (16.7) 10 (13.2) 0.67
Symptoms in the mouth or throat 10 (11.4) 0 (0.0) 10 (13.2) 0.35
Received treatment for most recent STI 69 (79.3) 11 (91.7) 58 (77.3) 0.26
  1. HIV human immunodeficiency virus, PWID people who inject drugs, STI sexually transmitted infections
  2. *Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test was used as appropriate