Skip to main content

Table 2 Substance use among HIV-positive and HIV-negative PWID

From: Prevalence and risk factors of HIV infection among people who inject drugs in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

  Total
(n = 310)
HIV test result
Positive
(n = 47)
Negative
(n = 263)
n (%) n (%) n (%) P-value*
Used any drugs in the past 3 months 271 (88.0) 43 (91.5) 228 (87.4) 0.63
Type of drugs most commonly used in the past 3 months
 Heroin 165 (60.4) 29 (67.4) 136 (59.1) 0.06
 Yama/ice (methamphetamine) 66 (24.2) 10 (23.3) 56 (24.3) 0.88
 Ecstasy 11 (4.0) 0 (0.0) 11 (4.8) 0.22
 Inhalants 5 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 5 (2.2) 1.00
Always used new syringes/needles 118 (64.8) 16 (64.0) 102 (65.0) 0.93
Used needles/syringes used by someone else in the past 3 months 43 (23.5) 4 (16.0) 39 (24.7) 0.38
Alcohol drinking ≥3 times per week 92 (29.7) 4 (8.5) 88 (33.5) 0.001
Binge drinking ≥3times per week (n = 190) 90 (47.4) 6 (35.3) 84 (48.6) 0.30
  1. HIV human immunodeficiency virus, IQR interquartile range, PWID people who inject drugs
  2. *Chi-square (or Fisher’s exact test when a cell count was smaller than 5) was used for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables