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Table 2 Directed content analysis of the defining characteristics of holistic care

From: Conceptualizing patient-centered care for substance use disorder treatment: findings from a systematic scoping review

Defining Characteristics a Representative Example of Content Coded
Integrated delivery of physical health, mental health or psychosocial supports within addiction treatment setting (n = 25) b “Other interventions designed to improve the potential for a successful outcome included educational sessions about the harmful effects of smoking and the benefits of stopping, stress management, the value of developing a support network, improving nutrition and avoiding significant weight gain after stopping smoking, the importance of a safe and regular exercise program, and understanding the potential role of spirituality.” [40]
Coordination of health or psychosocial services as part of addiction treatment (n = 15) c “If a woman was involved with many service providers, the ICF [Integrated Care Facilitator], with the woman’s permission, would maintain contact with those providers to ensure that all providers understood her needs in a similar way and that services were coordinated.” [41]
Adapting a gender-responsive approach to the delivery of health, substance use, and psychosocial treatment (n = 9) d “It allows clinicians to treat addiction as the primary problem while also addressing the complexity of issues that women bring to treatment: genetic predispositions, health consequences, shame, isolation, histories of abuse, or a combination of these.” [42]
Integrated delivery of addiction treatment as part of a primary care or hospital setting for other health or psychosocial needs (n = 4) e “NRT [Nicotine Replacement Therapy] was available to participants at no cost during hospitalization.[…] A variety of group meetings were held according to a preset time schedule which was announced at the unit. The degree to which patients participated in the meetings differed depending on the length of their hospital stay.” [43]
  1. aA total of 35 references defined holistic care. Coded categories were not mutually exclusive such that a reference might have defined the principle of patient-centered care at more than one category. Bracketed numbers represent the number of unique references coded at each category
  2. bReferences coded at this category [20, 25, 40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62]
  3. cReferences coded at this category [41, 44, 45, 47, 50, 51, 56, 63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70]
  4. dReferences coded at this category [41, 42, 44, 45, 50, 55, 65, 69, 71]
  5. eReferences coded at this category [43, 54, 67, 70]