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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics (n = 149)

From: Factor structure of the depression anxiety stress Scale-21 (DASS-21): Unidimensionality of the Arabic version among Egyptian drug users

Characteristic n (%)
Age
  ≤ 30 years 72 (48.3)
 31–40 years 61 (40.9)
  > 40 years 16 (10.7)
 Mean (SD) in years 32.5 (6.8)
Gender
 Males 142 (95.3)
 Females 7 (4.7)
Marital status
 Single 74 (49.7)
 Married 55 (36.9)
 Others 20 (13.4)
Education
 High school or less 114 (76.5)
 Above high school 35 (23.5)
Employment
 Employed 110 (73.8)
 Unemployed 39 (26.2)
Income (n = 148)a
 Enough 104 (69.8)
 Not enough 44 (29.5)
Lifetime substance useb
 Cannabis 112 (75.2)
 Bango 40 (26.8)
 Heroin 120 (80.5)
 Synthetic drugs 118 (79.2)
 Alcohol 62 (41.6)
 Others 31 (20.8)
Chronicity
  ≤ 10 years 50 (33.6)
 20 years – 75 (50.3)
  ≥ 30 years 24 (16.1)
 Mean (SD) in years 14.4 (7.1)
History of mental illness (n = 147)
 Yes 100 (67.1)
 No 47 (31.5)
Hospital stay
  ≤ 15 days 39 (26.2)
 16–30 days 73 (49.0)
  > 30 days 37 (24.8)
  1. aIncome was subjectively assessed by rating it as either enough or not enough. bParticipants used several substances concurrently