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Table 3 Factors associated with substance use among Gumuz people in Mandura Woreda, Benishangul-Gumuz, northwest Ethiopia, 2018

From: Substance use and associated factors among Gumuz people in Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, Mandura woreda, Northwest Ethiopia

Variable Substance use Odds ratio(95%CI)
  Yes (%) Crude OR Adjusted OR
Sex Male 271 (56.7) 1.431 (1.07, 1.92) 1.48 (0.78, 2.83)
Female 140 (47.8) 1.0 1.0
Education Unable to read and write 201 (51.7) 1.0 1.0
Read and write 144 (52.9) 1.05 (78, 1.44) 3.79 (2.34, 6.15)**
Primary 35 (60.3) 1.42 (0.81, 2.5) 9.83 (4.37, 22.1)**
Secondary 31 (59.6) 1.38 (0.77, 2.49) 3.68 (1.83, 8.22)**
Occupation Farmer 262 (56.2) 0.61 (0.270, 1.373) 1.9 (0.74, 4.86)
Government Employee 26 (81.3) 2.05 (0.624, 6.750) 4.51 (1.27, 15.98)*
House wife 104 (42.4) 0.35 (0.15, 0.80) 0.67 (0.26, 1.74)
Merchant 19 (67.9) 1.0 1.0
Social support Poor support 186 (72.7) 1.0 1.0
Strong support 225 (43.7) 0.29 (0.21, 0.40) 0.39 (0.27, 0.58)**
Age    1.04 (1.03, 1.05) 1.08 (1.06, 1.11)**
  1. NB: * = P value < 0.05 ** = P value < 0.001 OR Odd ratio CI Confidence Interval
  2. The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test (0.791) was checked on the logistic model for appropriateness, to assess how good the model is fit (P-value > 0.05)