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Table 4 Factors associated with mental health of MMT patients

From: Multi-level predictors of psychological problems among methadone maintenance treatment patients in difference types of settings in Vietnam

Characteristics Depression Anxiety Stress
Coef. 95% CI Coef. 95% CI Coef. 95% CI
Marital status (vs Single)
 Live with partners/spouse −3.67* −5.75; − 1.60    −2.62* −4.27; − 0.97
 Divorced/widow − 3.15 −6.81; 0.50     
Occupation (vs Unemployment)
 Freelancer −2.33* −4.24; − 0.41 −2.00* −3.35; −0.64   
 Blue collar/farmer    −1.73* −3.25; − 0.21   
 Business      2.74 −0.12; 5.59
 Others 1.94 −0.14; 4.01    3.13* 1.42; 4.83
Quintile monthly family income (vs Poorest)
 Poor    1.16 −0.28; 2.60   
 Rich −1.93 −4.02; 0.17    −1.73 −3.61; 0.15
 Richest −3.46* −5.84; −1.09    −2.19* −4.22; −0.17
Smoke (Yes vs no) −1.40 −3.44; 0.63 −1.35 −2.85; 0.14   
Concurrent drug use (Yes vs no)    2.07 −0.45; 4.58   
Ever injected drugs (Yes vs no)      1.18 −0.35; 2.72
MMT model (Public facility vs private facility) 2.98* 1.24; 4.72 2.04* 0.85; 3.23 2.09* 0.62; 3.57
Quality of life during receiving MMT treatment (Unchanged vs better) 4.85* 1.04; 8.66    3.12 −0.46; 6.70
Supportive person in MMT (Yes vs no)
 None −2.03 −4.18; 0.13     
 Health workers at MMT facility −1.45 −3.26; 0.37 −2.00* −3.23; −0.77 −2.39* −3.92; − 0.87
 Neighbors/other acquaintances    2.51 −0.48; 5.51   
HIV test results (vs Negative)
 Unknown      2.25 −0.84; 5.35
  1. * p < 0.05