Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics between early abstainers and delayed abstainers

From: Comparisons of early and delayed abstainers and its effects on long-term smoking cessation in Taiwan

Characteristics Early abstainers
n = 87 (61.3)
Delayed abstainers
n = 55 (38.7)
p value
Age (years) 49.5 ± 13.4 45.1 ± 12.4 0.0469
Gender (male, %) 60 (69.0) 39 (70.9) 0.806
Marital status (Married (n, %), n = 127) 47 (58.8) 25 (53.2) 0.83
Educational level (below high school levels (n,%), n = 127) 61 (70.1) 38 (69.1) 0.8971
Alcohol drinking habit (n,%) 24 (29.4) 17 (34.0) 0.6002
Number of quit attempts in the past year (n,%, n = 141)    0.461
 None 54 (62.8) 35 (63.6)  
 1 23 (26.7) 11 (20.0)  
2 9 (10.5) 9 (16.4)  
Quitting reason for health (n,%) 21 (24.4) 21 (38.2) 0.0813
Urge to smoke
 Intrinsic factors (n,%) 68 (78.2) 37 (67.3) 0.1499
 Extrinsic factors (n,%) 75 (86.2) 48 (87.3) 0.8558
Comorbidities (n,%) 33 (37.9) 12 (21.8) 0.0444
Body weight (kg) 68.6 ± 13.6 72.4 ± 15.8 0.1348
Daily cigarette count (stick) 21.2 ± 10.7 18.9 ± 9.1 0.2067
Exhaled CO concentration (ppm) 17.3 ± 11.5 14.7 ± 9.6 0.1763
FTCD score (point) 6.2 ± 2.5 5.3 ± 2.4 0.034
FTCD score7 points (n,%) 39 (44.8) 15 (27.3) 0.0358
Duration of smoking (years) 26.8 ± 12.3 22.0 ± 12.9 0.0278
6th month point prevalence abstinence (n, %) 73 (83.9) 45 (81.8) 0.7462
  1. The continuous variables were shown as mean ± SD; the categorical variables were shown as percentage; Comorbidities: Self-reported of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, pulmonary disease or malignancy; CO carbon monoxide, FTCD Fagerström test for cigarette dependence