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Table 4 Factors associated with alcohol use disorder among people living with HIV/AIDS at Hawassa, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 195)

From: Alcohol use disorder and associated factors among individuals living with HIV in Hawassa City, Ethiopia: a facility based cross- sectional study

Characteristics AUD Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Yes No
Gender Male 42 45 4.11, (2.34, 8.32) 2.43, (1.76, 5.76)**
Female 20 88 1 1
Social support Good 27 81 1 1
Poor 35 52 2.01, (1.27, 7.25) 1.34, (1.12, 6.73)*
Good medication adherence Yes 29 141 1 1
No 9 16 2.73, (1.95, 8.87) 1.78, (1.33, 6.97)*
Current chat (khat) chewing Yes 28 20 2.21, (1.35, 7.09) 1.67, (1.16, 5.45)**
No 57 90 1 1
Current cigarette smoking Yes 21 10 6.30, (2.35, 9.23) 3.76, (2.16, 7.54)**
No 41 123 1 1
HIV perceived stigma Yes 40 18 3.31, (1.01, 9.89) 0.96, (0.87, 5.12)
No 55 82 1 1
Body mass index (BMI) Kg/M2 18.5–24.99 32 102 1 1
25–29.99 15 22 2.17, (1.22, 6.38) 0.77, (0.72, 3.46)
> 30 14 10 4.46, (2.32, 7.75) 0.93, (0.92, 5.57)
  1. Reference category −1, * significant association (p-value < 0.05) **- significant association (p-value < 0.01)