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Table 2 Cigarette smoking, the age of initiation, frequency of cigarettes smoking and the attitude of parents to cigarette smoking among adolescents in Poland stratified by sex

From: Smoking, alcohol consumption, and illicit substances use among adolescents in Poland

  Sex   p
female male total
n % n % N %
The age of initiation Below the age of 8 years 3 1,03 23 9,27 26 4,83 Z = 4,09 < 0,001
8–10 years of age 10 3,45 12 4,84 22 4,09
13–14 years of age 54 18,62 52 20,97 106 19,70
15–16 years of age 8 2,76 9 3,63 17 3,16
17–18 years of age 0 0,00 1 0,40 1 0,19
Never smoked cigarettes 195 67,24 129 52,02 324 60,22
Total 290 100,00 248 100,00 538 100,00
Current cigarettes smoking I don’t smoke cigarettes 204 70,59 130 52,85 334 62,43 χ2(1, N = 535) = 17,84 < 0,001
I smoke cigarettes 85 29,41 116 47,15 201 37,57
Total 289 100,00 246 100,00 535 100,00
Frequency of cigarettes smoking [referred only to those, who declared cigarettes smoking] 15–20 cigarettes per day 6 7,06 17 14,66 23 11,44 Z = 0,73 0,467
10–15 cigarettes per day 5 5,88 3 2,59 8 3,98
5–10 cigarettes per day 23 27,06 29 25,00 52 25,87
1–5 cigarettes per day 11 12,94 17 14,66 28 13,93
Occasionally 40 47,06 50 43,10 90 44,78
Total 85 100,00 116 100,00 201 100,00
parental attitude to cigarettes smoking [referred only to those, who declared cigarettes smoking] Accept occasionally 2 2,47 5 4,39 7 3,59 χ2(3, N = 195) = 1,01 0,845
accept 5 6,17 8 7,02 13 6,67
I smoke together with parents 7 8,64 13 11,40 20 10,26
Don’t accept 67 82,72 88 77,19 155 79,49
Total 81 100,00 114 100,00 195 100,00
  1. Differences between female and men were analysed using either U Mann-Whitney test or Pearson chi-square test. (Those, who currently do not smoke cigarettes could have the history of smoking in the past)