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Table 1 Alcohol drinking, the age of initiation, frequency of drinking and the parent’s attitude to alcohol drinking among adolescents in Poland stratified by sex

From: Smoking, alcohol consumption, and illicit substances use among adolescents in Poland

  Sex   p
female male total
n % n % N %
The age of initiation Below the age of 8 years 15 5,19 40 16,26 55 10,28 Z = 4,71 < 0,001
8–10 years of age 18 6,23 17 6,91 35 6,54
11–12 years of age 36 12,46 40 16,26 76 14,21
13–14 years of age 52 17,99 46 18,70 98 18,32
15–16 years of age 12 4,15 13 5,28 25 4,67
17 years of age 0 0,00 2 0,81 2 0,37
Never drank alcohol 156 53,98 88 35,77 244 45,61
Total 289 100,00 246 100,00 535 100,00
Current alcohol drinking I don’t drink alcohol 206 71,28 136 55,28 342 63,93 χ2(1, N = 535) = 14,74 < 0,001
I drink alcohol 83 28,72 110 44,72 193 36,07
Total 289 100,00 246 100,00 535 100,00
Frequency of alcohol drinking [referred only to those, who declared alcohol drinking] daily 8 9,64 23 20,91 31 16,06 Z = 3,35 0,001
4 times a week 1 1,20 8 7,27 9 4,66
2 times a week 3 3,61 6 5,45 9 4,66
Once a week 1 1,20 5 4,55 6 3,11
Once a month 2 2,41 3 2,73 5 2,59
Occasionally 68 81,93 65 59,09 133 68,91
Total 83 100,00 110 100,00 193 100,00
parental attitude to alcohol drinking [referred only to those, who declared alcohol drinking] Accept on family celebrations 23 27,71 26 23,85 49 25,52 χ2(2, N = 192) = 0,54 0,797
Accept 4 4,82 7 6,42 11 5,73
Don’t accept 56 67,47 76 69,72 132 68,75
Total 83 100,00 109 100,00 192 100,00
  1. Differences between female and male were analysed using either U Mann-Whitney test or Pearson chi-square test. (Those, who currently do not drink alcohol could have the history of alcohol drinking in the past)