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Table 4 Comparison of ALPHA scores by sex and doping control experience

From: Impact of anti-doping education and doping control experience on anti-doping knowledge in Japanese university athletes: a cross-sectional study

Category Classification Mean SD median T U z p η2
Sex Male 7.70 2.46 8.00 293,596.0
360,200.0
161,241.00 −0.075 0.94 .00
Female 7.77 2.16 8.00
Doping control Experienced 8.21 1.80 8.00 18,088.0
635,708.0
14,653.00 −0.862 0.39 .00
Not experienced 7.73 2.31 8.00
  1. Note: ALPHA scores compared by sex and doping-control experience using Mann Whitney U test for analyzing. T is a result of signed-rank sum. η2 is a measure of effect size (small = .10, medium = .30, large = .50)