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Table 5 Changes in participant attitudes toward evidence-based practices

From: The housing first technical assistance and training (HFTAT) implementation strategy: outcomes from a mixed methods study of three programs

  T-1 Baseline T-2 End of training T-3 End of technical assistance Difference T1 & T2 Difference T1 & T3a
n mean (SD) n mean (SD) n mean (SD) n mean (SE) n mean (SE)
All participants
 Overall score 113 3.47 (0.63) 91 3.53 (0.55) 51 3.52 (0.44) 91 0.03 (0.05) 51 0.04 (0.07)
 Requirements subscale   3.97 (1.04)   4.03 (0.90)   4.02 (0.91)   0.03 (0.09)   0.10 (0.12)
 Appeal subscale   3.91 (0.90)   3.95 (0.75)   4.06 (0.58)   0.01 (0.08)   0.10 (0.12)
 Openness subscale   3.82 (0.79)   3.98 (0.73)   3.86 (0.70)   0.12 (0.07)   −0.02 (0.09)
 Divergence subscale   2.19 (0.74)   2.17 (0.91)   2.16 (0.75)   −0.02 (0.08)   −0.01 (0.10)
Participant baseline score less than 4
 Overall score 93 3.32 (0.59) 75 3.47 (0.55) 44 3.47 (0.43) 75 0.12 (0.06)* 44 0.11 (0.07)
 Requirements subscale 66 3.30 (0.85) 53 3.68 (0.86) 31 3.69 (0.89) 53 0.33 (0.12)** 31 0.43 (0.15)**
 Appeal subscale 65 3.37 (0.81) 50 3.75 (0.75) 28 3.88 (0.46) 50 0.35 (0.11)** 28 0.46 (0.14)***
 Openness subscale 76 3.42 (0.62) 59 3.80 (0.75) 33 3.65 (0.69) 59 0.35 (0.09)**** 33 0.17 (0.11)
 Divergence subscale 112 2.17 (0.71) 89 2.17 (0.91) 50 2.16 (0.76) 89 0.01 (0.08) 50 −0.01 (0.10)
  1. All questions pertaining to attitudes were measured using a 1–4 Likert-type scale, with higher scores indicating more accepting attitudes of evidence-based practices
  2. aCalculated using mixed-effects model
  3. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; ****p ≤ 0.0001