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Table 1 Client characteristic data (N = 193)

From: Completion rates and psychosocial intervention effectiveness in an Australian substance use therapeutic community

  Male Female Test-statistic P-value
(N = 193) (n) (%) (n) (%)
Gender 107 55.4 86 44.6   
Rurality
 MMM1 62 57.9 58 67.4 1Z = 1.2036 0.229
 MMM2 5 4.7 3 3.5   
 MMM3 12 112 7 8.1   
 MMM4 14 13.1 8 9.3   
 MMM5 14 13.1 9 10.5   
 MMM6 0 0.0 1 1.16   
 MMM7 0 0.0 0 0.0   
Primary drug
 Alcohol 51 48.6 44 53.0 2 χ(1) = 2.135 0.7110
 Amphetamines 17 16.2 14 16.9   
 Cannabis 12 11.4 6 7.2   
 Heroin 17 16.9 10 12.1   
 Other 8 7.6 9 10.8   
Self-reported problems
 Other addictions 13 12.2 11 12.8 2 χ(1) = 0.018 0.893
 Self-Harm/Suicidality 62 57.9 51 59.3 2 χ(1) = 0.036 0.849
 Aggression 49 45.8 42 48.8 2 χ(1) = 0.177 0.674
 Risky Behaviour 94 87.9 65 76.5 2 χ(1) = 4.310 4 0.038
 Gambling 13 12.15 8 9.4 2 χ(1) = 0.364 0.546
  (Mean) (SD) (Mean) (SD)   
Age (years) 37.22 9.45 37.44 9.03 3T(191) = 0.16 0.871
DASS on Entry
 Depression 15.78 10.89 17.24 11.63 3T(183) = 0.88 0.378
 Anxiety 12.55 8.34 13.04 9.48 3T(183) = 0.37 0.713
 Stress 16.70 8.78 17.74 9.57 3T(183) = 0.77 0.441
WHOQOL-8 on Entry
 Quality 3.12 0.99 3.00 0.96 3T(190) = −0.86 0.393
 Health 2.94 1.01 2.86 1.09 3T(190) = −0.56 0.576
 Energy 3.26 1.05 3.04 1.03 3T(190) = −1.50 0.136
 Money 2.98 1.32 3.09 1.14 3T(190) = 0.62 0.534
 Daily Living 3.11 1.13 3.22 1.13 3T(190) = 0.68 0.497
 Self-Satisfaction 2.70 0.92 2.26 1.00 3T(190) = −3.17 4 0.0018
 Relationships 2.78 1.11 2.61 1.12 3T(190) = − 1.01 0.313
 Living Place 3.02 1.24 3.16 1.15 3T(190) = 0.84 0.403
  1. MMM = Modified Monash Model, a measure of location and medical service access. MMM1 = Major cities, MMM2 = Regional centres; MMM3 = Large rural towns, MMM4 = Medium rural towns, MMM5 = Small rural towns, MMM6 = Remote communities, MMM7  very remote communities
  2. DASS = Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale
  3. WHOQOL-8 = World Health Organisation Quality of Life 8 Questions
  4. 1Jonckheere-Terpstra Test; 2Chisquare test; 3T-test; 4 P<0.05