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Table 4 Characteristics associated with experiencing adverse alcohol effects during Freshman’s week (FW), total n = 2546 (participated in FW and had no missing data on any of the included variables)

From: “Freshman’s week”: characteristics associated with participation and experiencing adverse effects

  Impaired physical health (n = 595) (Reference category: Did not experience impaired physical health) Impaired psychological health (n = 118) (Reference category: Did not experience impaired psychological health) Felt left out (n = 204) (Reference category: Did not feel left out)
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Demographics
 Sex
  Man 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Woman 0.93 (0.73–1.18) 0.73 (0.45–1.17) 1.16 (0.79–1.69)
 Age 1.00 (0.94–1.06) 0.98 (0.88–1.10) 0.95 (0.87–1.03)
 Total years spent studying 1.04 (0.95–1.13) 1.25 (1.07–1.45)** 0.96 (0.84–1.10)
 Place of birth
  Born outside of Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Born in Norway 0.99 (0.63–1.54) 0.77 (0.33–1.77) 0.93 (0.49–1.79)
 Religious identification
  Nonreligious 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Religious 0.83 (0.66–1.03) 0.91 (0.58–1.41) 1.00 (0.72–1.40)
 Relationship status
  In a relationship 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Single 0.96 (0.78–1.18) 1.00 (0.66–1.52) 0.74 (0.54–1.01)
 Parental status
  Did not have child/children 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Had child/children 0.71 (0.20–2.56) 1.79 (0.34–9.44) 0.26 (0.03–2.31)
 Educational institution
  Not business school 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Business school 1.48 (1.15–1.90)** 0.91 (0.54–1.51) 1.03 (0.68–1.55)
 Personality
  ExtroversionZ 1.05 (0.93–1.19) 0.79 (0.64–0.99)* 0.60 (0.51–0.71)***
  AgreeablenessZ 0.99 (0.88–1.11) 1.21 (0.97–1.51) 1.01 (0.86–1.19)
  ConscientiousnessZ 1.12 (1.00–1.24) 1.10 (0.89–1.36) 1.06 (0.90–1.24)
  NeuroticismZ 1.05 (0.92–1.20) 1.24 (0.93–1.64) 1.16 (0.94–1.44)
  Intellect/imaginationZ 1.08 (0.97–1.20) 0.96 (0.78–1.18) 1.09 (0.93–1.27)
  Concurrent alcohol use (AUDIT-scoreZ) 1.67 (1.48–1.88)*** 1.84 (1.50–2.26)*** 1.31 (1.10–1.56)**
 Psychological health
  Depression symptomsZ 1.17 (1.00–1.36)* 1.60 (1.24–2.05)*** 1.37 (1.13–1.68)**
  Anxiety symptomsZ 1.05 (0.91–1.20) 1.18 (0.95–1.47) 1.19 (1.00–1.42)
 FW-factors
  Number of days drinking during FWZ 1.68 (1.50–1.89)*** 1.22 (0.98–1.51) 0.85 (0.71–1.02)
 Participation in alcohol-free events
  Did not participate in alcohol-free events 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Participated in alcohol-free events 0.72 (0.58–0.88)** 0.60 (0.38–0.93)* 0.62 (0.44–0.86)**
   Models, df = 18 and p < .001 for all Cox & Snell R2 = .126; Nagelkerke R2 = .190 Cox & Snell R2 = .062; Nagelkerke R2 = .197 Cox & Snell R2 = .069; Nagelkerke R2 = .161
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, * p < .05, ** p < .01, ***p < .001, Z = z-score